unable to put down resistance in the south but successful in the north. Simon Bolivar exiled to Jamaica. then goes to Haiti and makes a deal with petion in exchange for military support agrees to abolish slavery if successful. IMPORTANT - as independence - participation of ppl in the army (volunteer) 3000 ireland, britain and germany very helpful for his cause. Llaneros cattle hunters, venezuela cowboys (has to make deals with diff groups). llaneros - have defacto control of territory. bolivar relies on the llaneros. Argentinian army - marching into chile and by ship join with bolivar in peru in ayacutcho. guerrilla warfare. Catholic monarchy. IN peru and mexico- mestizo, indigneous, afri/am who participated in the war of independence become marginalized by new regimes. (how their relationship to caudillo and to land bolivar - deal with petien not dessaline
January 21 Champesino peasants peasants - why do not rebel Peasant national symbolized by the revolution in Cuba victim of oppression or hero everything trickles down to the peasant - not literate no access to politics, and depended on other people. structurally bound in a conservative mode. uneducated. peasants - agrarian rural poor. peasant relationship to land and means of production fundamental to their survival and identity. If take away the land -(stir the pot) issues for them basis for solidarity. family labour to produce. song - caballo amos pal monte eliades ochoa Caudillos, campesions and clientelism in 19th century slow economic development in Latin america - gold silver, agricultural production coffee sugar cacao main products for economy. transition in economy to agrarian economy - expansion of sugar massive. 1823 - james monroe - latin america is the turf of the u. s . the region is uneven - caudillos emerge - anti colonial military figures emerge - amass labour through war acquire wealth. consolidate arms continuously . after independence e- colonial landholdings of labour, bondage continue and exacerbate. De regulation of landholding allowing caudillos to gain new territory. Centre - Peasant . allegorical fig rep either backward wrong, conservative or forward or progressive in Latin america. Photo brigade of soldiers. war of a 1000 days - civil war great war to resolve bw liberals and conservative. 100000die. true allegiance of peasants to strong men - caudillos. (kind of national leader) Catherine gran .. - aerial cargo tramway in 1920s in colombia to transport coffee to the magdalena river 72km - throughout roads since no roads. Caudillo - portrait of argentina’s juan manuel de rosas
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