Selected Answer: A. Phenytoin (Dilantin) Correct Answer: A. Phenytoin (Dilantin) Response Feedback : Most anticonvulsant drugs can have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. Dilantin can cause fetal hydantoin syndrome, which is characterized by craniofacial abnormalities, limb defects, growth deficiency, and mental deficiency. Insulin is not harmful in the pregnant woman, since it cannot pass through to the placenta. Lasix is classified as a category C drug, which indicates that animal studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus but there are no adequate studies in humans. Advil is classified as a category B drug, which indicates that animal studies have not demonstrated a risk to the fetus, but there are no adequate studies in pregnant women during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. Advil is, however, considered a category D drug during the third semester (there is evidence of human fetal risk). Question 10 1 out of 1 points Which of the following would the nurse include in a teaching plan about the signs and symptoms of thrombophlebitis and thromboembolism that should be reported by a patient taking estrogen? Selected Answer:
A. Headaches and chest pain Correct Answer: A. Headaches and chest pain Response Feedback : Pain in the groin, headaches, dizziness, and chest pain are symptoms of thrombophlebitis and thromboembolism, which are two common adverse effects of taking estrogen. Cholestatic jaundice is an adverse effect of estrogen. Amenorrhea is an indication for progesterone therapy. Breast tenderness is an adverse effect of progesterone. Question 11 1 out of 1 points A nurse is discussing with a 58-year-old male patient the causes of erectile dysfunction in men over 50 years of age. Which of the following will the nurse inform the patient is the primary physical cause of erectile dysfunction of men in this age group? Selected Answer: C. Atherosclerosis of the penile artery Correct Answer: C. Atherosclerosis of the penile artery Response Feedback : Vascular disease is the most common physical cause of erectile dysfunction. Atherosclerosis of the penile artery is the primary cause of erectile dysfunction in more than half of men over age 50. Men with diabetes are more prone to erectile dysfunction because of a combination of vascular disease and neuropathy. A decrease in testosterone levels is not a common cause of erectile dysfunction. Emotional stress is not a physical factor. Question 12 1 out of 1 points A woman who is in the second trimester of her first pregnancy has been experiencing frequent headaches and has sought advice from her nurse practitioner about safe treatment options. What analgesic can the nurse most safely recommend? Selected Answer: A. Acetaminop hen Correct Answer: A.
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- Fall '13
- Pharmacology, Adverse Effect