Unlike the past outbreaks which were mostly

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 19 - 21 out of 116 pages.

Unlike the past outbreaks, which were mostly restricted to remote areas, the West African case is complex; it is geographically widespread, involving small rural and large urban centres (including Conakry, Monrovia, and Freetown). The multi-country outbreaks occurring simultaneously make this pandemic unique. Due to the high transmission rate and limited capacity to manage the epidemic at the outset, as of 7 January 2015, the fatality rate is also high, from 35.3 percent in Sierra Leone to 64.1 percent in Guinea, Its spread has been complicated by health workers becoming infected (830, of whom 488 died). The loose migratory pattern in the region, fear, ignorance and risky cultural practices make the containment of the epidemic challenging. In addition to spreading to several West African countries (Senegal, Nigeria and Mali), the EVD has also been detected in other parts of the world, including Spain, Italy, Germany and the United States of America. This is the first time that EVD is transmitted to other countries via air travels. It was first transmitted to Nigeria by a traveller from Liberia. Within a very short period, it has been transported to Europe and America. This led to a pronounced international stigmatization against West Africa, a development that triggered risk aversion behaviours, which wreaks havoc on the region’s economy. The spreading rate of this outbreak and the grave need to control the epidemic resulted in the governments of the hardest-hit countries to declare a national emergency and the World Health Organization (WHO) “a public health emergency of international concern”. Also, in September 2014, the United Nations Security Council declared the crisis a “threat to international peace and security” and unanimously called for a coordinated approach in dealing with the outbreak. 1 For the current situation on the epidemic, see ) and for a comparison between past and recent episodes of EVD, see Salaam-Blyther (2014) and UNDP (2014d). SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 19
2 Instead of looking at the issue through the lens of the three epicentre countries, this report takes a new approach to assessing the impacts of EVD through a regional perspective. Why the regional focus? The epidemic is ravaging the economic and social fabric of the three epicentre countries (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone), and the human toll is historically the worst ever. In addition to these three heavily affected countries, smaller outbreaks also occurred in Senegal, Nigeria and Mali. These countries were declared Ebola-free following drastic measures taken by governments to contain the disease. This situation holds considerable uncertainty for the countries across the region, which is already feeling the socio-economic repercussions of the epidemic.
Image of page 20
Image of page 21

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors