Doctors treated illnesses with herbs performed

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Doctors treated illnesses with herbs, performed surgery, set broken bones, and vaccinated against smallpox. Mathematicians invented system of numbers we use today and developed decimal system and concept of zero. Builders designed magnificent stone temples and dome- shaped shrines called stupas . Artists painted murals , or wall paintings and created carvings telling the story of the life of the Buddha. Writers collected and recorded fables and folk tales. Kalidasa wrote classical plays.
Buddha’s Travels Written Source Document 1 From The Gospel of Buddha “Destroy illusions and the contact with things will cease to beget misconception. Destroy misconception and you do away with thirst. Destroy thirst and you will be free of all morbid cleaving. Remove the cleaving and you destroy the selfishness of selfhood.” Translations of Buddhist texts use English words that may not always make the meanings clear. For instance, what do you think the phrase “contact with things” means here? What is meant by “thirst” and “morbid cleaving,” and why would destroying “misconception” do away with them? Why do you think Buddha regards “selfhood” as “selfish”? Section 1 Warm- up
The Caste System and Daily Life Caste rules governed every aspect of life–where people lived, what they ate, how they dressed, and what work they did. Life for the lowest ranking caste, the “Untouchables,” was harsh and restricted. People knew that they could not change their status in this life. However, they believed that they could reach a higher state in a future life by fulfilling the duties of their present caste. Each caste had its own leaders and its own occupation, and caste members cooperated to help one another.
Family Life The ideal was the joint family, in which extended family all lived under one roof. The family was patriarchal. The father or oldest male had absolute authority. Family wishes came before individual wishes. Early on, children learned family duties, such as obedience of caste rules. This was called filial piety . Parents had a duty to arrange good marriages for their children, based on caste and family interests. The status and freedom of women decreased over time. A woman’s duties were to marry, obey her husband, and raise children. Suttee was the practice in which wives of prominent men who died, would throw themselves into the funeral pyre. If they failed to kill themselves, they would be scorned.
Village Life ECONOMICS POLITICS Villages were self-sufficient, producing most of the food and goods needed. Sometimes villagers traded at regional markets. Each village ran its own affairs facing little interference as long as it paid its share of taxes. A village headman and council made decisions.
The Fall of the Gupta Empire, 550 C.E. The Gupta Empire was invaded by the White Huns in the 5 th century. They held them off, but at a tremendous cost, which weakened the state. Taxes were insufficient to pay for adequate military defense. Land divisions increased the power of provincial officials. The empire finally fell to the Huns by the end of the 5 th century.

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