Southern parts of Manchuria and North Korean peninsula Northern parts defeated

Southern parts of manchuria and north korean

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Southern parts of Manchuria and North Korean peninsula Northern parts defeated by Khitans, southern parts absorbed into KoryoControversy (Silla Unification) oPart of Korean history or no?oKorean of Chinese?oMalgal or Koguryo?oHan Ciu Cheol’s argument, mostly Koguryo (= Malgal)Koryo = ? ?  (918-1392)Wang Kon (aka King T’aejo) = “Great Founder of Korea”, Yi Ja Kyum – King Injong, Myochong, King Kwangjong, Ch’oe House RuleOriginated from weak Silla (later Koguryo), united the Later Three Kingdoms and ruled most of the Korean peninsula until it was removed by the Choson dynastyConquered by Mongol, “son-in-law” nation (ch’ung = loyalty) – King KongminKing vs. aristocracy (fighting among aristocratic families)
Military vs. Civil Officials Military rule Ch’oe House RuleBuddhism (textual – literate civil officials vs. meditational – military officials)Present-day Korean peninsulaWang Kon = ? ?  (r. 918-943)“Great Founder of Korea”, King T’aejoFounded Koryo (from Silla) and incorporated many neighboring people (like Paekche and Silla), tried to being about peaceful relationsTen Injunctions (not sure if written by Wang Kon) instructed his descendants how to govern as to ensure success of dynasty29 wives - making ties with warlord families (for military and $) and securing a large pool of loyal descendants with a stake in maintaining a dynasty, to stabilize/support Koryo Koryo Unification for the later Three Kingdoms: first ruler to more fully unite the people for the Korean Peninsula under a singles state, many modern-day Koreans look to his example for applicability to the current state of division on the Korea peninsulaKing Kwangjong= ? ?  (949-974)Fourth emperor of Koryo who tries to take away power from aristocrats (aggressive attitude = killing and reforms)Slave Review Act (946) – gives slaves a chance to state grievancesCivil Service Examinations (958) – first time administered in Korean peninsula, allowing men of talent chance to enter government not by hereditary family positions, ensuring loyal men owing their position to the kingKing Injong= ? ?  (1122-1146)Seventeenth emperor of Koryo dynastyCommissioned compilation of Samguk Sagiby Kim PusikYi Ja Kyum – married off two daughters into family and tried to overthrow King Injong (assassination attempt)Myochong – tired to convince him to move capital to Pyongyang, declare Koryo an empire, and move into North (Jurgen Chin territory)Myochong Rebellion= ? ? ?  ? ? ? ? ? ?(d. 1135)Myochong – a geomancer who appears to have cast over the monarch, Injong, convincing him of a direct geomantic relationship between the ongoing misfortunes of the dynasty and the location of the dynastic capital in KaegyongTakes over most of administrative centers of Pyongan province, proclaimed their new realm the Empire of TaewiUrges king to move the capital to his hometown of Pyongyang (place of origin for Korean civilization itself, Tan’gun), but capital elites feared a major shift in power to northwestern region, lose power

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