a340-11f-101-07-ChavezIntroCh1SteckleyCh1

The international social networks established largely

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the international social networks established largely by the Bracero program continue to shape the flow of labor to this day - p18-19: cyclical attitudes towards immigrants - from Ben Franklin in 1751 on the Germans “herding together”, excluding “our” ways, “Germanizing” us rather than “Anglifying” - 1880 New York Times: Italians and Irish “herd together”; limits to our ability to to assimilate them - generally worst during economic downturns - popularity and rhetoric of Sheriff Joe Arpaio of Maricopa County, Arizona - “hardening” the border - laws restricting hiring of undocumented immigrants, requiring ever more careful checks of work documents, etc. - Chapter 1: The Setting: p15 - terms: Chavez prefers “undocumented immigrant” - terms used by immigrants: pollos, indocumentados, ilegales, mojados - terms used by Anglo Americans: illegal alien, wetback - why do these terms matter? - why does Chavez prefer “undocumented immigrant”
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Anth 340.101: Living in our Globalized World F 2011 / Owen: Chavez Intro, Ch. 1, Steckley Ch. 1 p. 5 - some newspaper letters to the editor argue that “undocumented immigrant” condones voluntarily illegal behavior - what do you think? - how might the concepts of cultural relativism and ethical relativism be relevant to this? - Chavez will cover both legal and undocumented immigrants - legal resident workers, some living in Mexico and crossing the border daily - political refugees - undocumented workers - reactions by Anglo Americans to undocumented immigrants - p20: blamed for crime (also p21) - p20: compete with legal residents for seats in colleges - p20: daughter will be required to be bilingual (horrors!) - p21: cause malaria - p21: extort children’s lunch money - p21: language of war: “under siege” - p21: leads to assaults on immigrants - p22: “unkempt”, “unsanitary”, urinate in the streets, are a health risk with who knows what diseases… - p22: harass women, loiter, contribute to crime - p22: cultural hegemony (Antonio Gramsci): the power of a set of ideas and values that are accepted throughout society so completely that they seem to be universal and common sense - typically, a set of ideas and values that are actually in the interest of the dominant class - example: if everyone believes in the validity and rightness of American capitalism, then even those who are harmed by it, consent to it - why do conservative lower-class people in “red” states vote for a party that consistently promotes tax and entitlement policies that favor the wealthy and harm these voters? Cultural hegemony - everyone identifies with the interests of the ruling class, rather than recognizing their own interests, which may differ - this maintains the status of the elite by general consent, rather than the elite having to use coersion - the ideas and values come to be accepted as universal and common sense (not entirely by accident, either) - but as Robbins argued in your earlier reading, the culture of capitalism is an arbitrary construct, not an absolute given of life - thus we see the cultural hegemony of the wealthy and powerful in the US… -
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  • Fall '11
  • Owen
  • Immigration to the United States, liminality, globalized world, − Chavez, Chavez Intro

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