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What are artefacts and how do they relate to culture

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What are Artefacts and how do they relate to culture? - Artefacs are: o Things with which we mark out territory and are symbolic of culture - Artefacts can be: o The decoratng and art in a building o The furnishing and ftngs o etc Organizatonal culture comprises the deep basic assumptons, beliefs and shared values that defne organizatonal membership. Refers to the members and habitual ways of making decisions and presentng themselves and their organizaton to those who come into contact with it. Organizatonal structure vs organizatonal cultures: Levels of culture - Level 1: Artefacts o Physical features such as architecture, furniture, uniforms, etc - Level 2: Espoused values o A Person’s or social group’s consistent beleifs about something in which they have an emotonal investment as they express them - Level 3: Basic assumptons o The essence of culture Downloaded by Monique Mladenovski ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3608356
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o Intangible, mainly unconscious, and tacit frames that subconsciously shape values and artefacts Culture – Edgar H. Schein - Strong Culture - A strong culture is one in which the norms and core values are widely shared. - All about stories and story telling Culture is not just the accepted way of doing things, it can be the deviant behaviours of resistance by stresses staf against a strong culture Perspectves of culture - A integratonist perspectve assumes o Strong and commonly accepted culture o Shares organizaton-wide agreement of managerially sanctoned values o Mainly studied through quanttatve surveys that seek to homogenize culture o An integrated culture leads to performance - A diferentated perspectve assumes o More than one culture is likely to be the norm rather than the excepton o Cultures come and go o Organizatons made of many cultures, in groups, out groups and other sub cultures o Subcultures can become legitmate and dominant cultures - A fragmented perspectve assumes o Cultures are fragmented, unstable, fuid and temporary o Always in fux o Studying culture therefore requires ethnographic research o Ethnography is ideal because it atempts to understand social phenomena, such as organizatonal life as it happens and in its own terms Downloaded by Monique Mladenovski ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3608356
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It involves in-depth interviews, partcipant observaton and detailed case study Natonal Cultures - Hofstede o assumes that a naton has one, commonly shared culture o Culture is a mental program, or sofware of the mind o Natons can be grouped or diferentated based on surveys measuring specifc cultural dimensions. - Hofstede’s natonal cultural dimensions o Power distance o Uncertainty avoidance o Individualism/collectvism o Masculinity/feminity Power, Politics and Decision Making Intro - Organizatonal politcs refers to the network of social relatons between people in an around organizatons – whether willingly or not, in practces of power.
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