Outcome: Social FacilitationSpurring each other on (1+1+1+1=7)Can move between these depending on dynamics group sizeoinvolves 3+ people interacting/working toward common purpose(s)ogroup numbers range from approx. 3-25owhat happens with larger groups?Few people tend to dominate talkGood to have a lot of imput but can lead to conflictMore time needed to reach decisionsMore opinions = more conflictsSubgroups tend to formProductivity?oSmaller=more productive Not necessarily causal, no way to know if the small group causes the creativityMore productive people may lean toward small groupsoNegative linear relationshipOptimal size?oResearchers say 5-7group cohesivenessohow close, connected, mutually liked, are group membersoas cohesiveness increases:communication/participation increasessatisfaction increasesproductivity can increase or decreasecurvilinear relationship those not cohesive enough aren’t productiveodon’t like each other, disagreebut those TOO cohesive also aren’t productiveofighting too hard to maintain likeability, not challenging each otherGroupthinkFeed off of each other’s bad behaviorWhat about a moderate level of cohesiveness?oNot causal, cohesiveness might not explicitly cause productivityThe productivity could be causing cohesivenessSituational leadership oWhat factors determine whether someone will be a good leader?Having the right traits (e.g. intelligence, attractiveness?) (bad)Emerging as leader (bad)Better if they rise to the topBut sometimes they emerge because they’re dominant peopleoNo evidence this gives good leadershipFinding one best leadership “style” (bad)Situational Approach (good)More or less effective depending on the situationAdapt to certain audienceoLeader’s effectiveness depends onAbility to know the group’s needs/talentsAbility to adopt style to fit those needs E.g. focus on task? Focus on Relationship?
oPeople need to focus skills on what is happeningoPeople are fighting, and a leader needs to make them get alongHaving leader be “hands off” is better sometimestech issues o“Netiquette”Brevity valued; sales and spam disfavoredoAcronyms and ingroup shortcuts are commonoEach group has its own unique norms tooNorms demonstrate that you’re in the knowoSense of anonymityMay embolden people (can be good or bad)oSense of communityBut also, hostility or trollingOdd juxtaposition of not knowing people while also being in a communityDue to exchange of information and supportoSome unique group roles emergeE.g. elders contribute mostReading: RC Ch 10: Characteristics of groups and how they developoA group is a collection of more than two people who have a shared identity, have common goals, and areinterdependentPrimary groupsLong standing and meaningful groups such as family Other specific function groups include
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