Diabetic autonomic neuropathy DAN is the earliest and most common complication

Diabetic autonomic neuropathy dan is the earliest and

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Diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is the earliest and most common complication of diabetes. Symptoms associated with DAN include: 1. Resting tachycardia, exercise intolerance, and orthostatic hypotension 2. Gastroparesis, cold intolerance, and moist skin 3. Hyperglycemia, erectile dysfunction, and deficiency of free fatty acids 4. Pain, loss of sensation, and muscle weakness ____ 29. Drugs used to treat diabetic peripheral neuropathy include: 1. Metoclopramide 2. Cholinergic agonists 3. Cardioselective beta blockers 4. Gabapentin ____ 30. The American Diabetic Association has recommended which of the following tests for ongoing management of diabetes? 1. Fasting blood glucose 2. HbA1C 3. Thyroid function tests 4. Electrocardiograms ____ 31. Allison is an 18-year-old college student with type 1 diabetes. She is on NPH twice daily and Novolog before meals. She usually walks for 40 minutes each evening as part of her exercise regimen. She is beginning a 30-minute swimming class three times a week at 1 p.m. What is important for her to do with this change in routine? 1. Delay eating the midday meal until after the swimming class. 2. Increase the morning dose of NPH insulin on days of the swimming class. 3. Adjust the morning insulin injection so that the peak occurs while swimming. 4. Check glucose level before, during, and after swimming. ____ 32. Allison is an 18-year-old college student with type 1 diabetes. Allison’s pre-meal BG at 11:30 a.m. is 130. She eats an apple and has a sugar-free soft drink. At 1 p.m. before swimming her BG is 80. What should she do? 1. Proceed with the swimming class. 2. Recheck her BG immediately. 3. Eat a granola bar or other snack with CHO. 4. Take an additional dose of insulin. ____ 33. Bart is a patient is a 67-year-old male with T2 DM. He is on glipizide and metformin. He presents to the clinic with confusion, sluggishness, and extreme thirst. His wife tells you Bart does not follow his meal plan or exercise regularly, and hasn’t checked his BG for 1 week. A random glucose is drawn and it is 500. What is a likely diagnosis based on preliminary assessment? 1. Diabetic keto acidosis (DKA) 2. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) 3. Infection 4. Hypoglycemia
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____ 34. What would one expected assessment finding be for hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome? 1. Low hemoglobin 2. Ketones in the urine 3. Deep, labored breathing 4. pH of 7.35 ____ 35. A patient on metformin and glipizide arrives at her 11:30 a.m. clinic appointment diaphoretic and dizzy. She reports taking her medication this morning and ate a bagel and coffee for breakfast. BP is 110/70 and random finger-stick glucose is 64. How should this patient be treated? 1. 12 oz apple juice with 1 tsp sugar 2. 10 oz diet soda 3. 8 oz milk or 4 oz orange juice 4. 4 cookies and 8 oz chocolate milk
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Chapter 33. Diabetes Mellitus Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 2. ANS: 2 PTS: 1 3. ANS: 4 PTS: 1 4. ANS: 2 PTS: 1 5. ANS: 4 PTS: 1 6. ANS: 3 PTS: 1 7. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 8. ANS: 2 PTS: 1 9. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 10. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 11. ANS: 2 PTS: 1 12. ANS: 3 PTS: 1 13. ANS: 3 PTS: 1 14. ANS: 4 PTS: 1 15. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 16. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 17. ANS: 3 PTS: 1 18. ANS: 2 PTS: 1 19. ANS: 1 PTS: 1 20.
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