hyper and hypo tonic solutions Hyper-tonic solution - high solute concentration, low water level. Water usually travels here from hypo-tonic solution. a cell would be shrunk hypo-tonic solution - lower concentration of solute and a lot of water. water usually travels from this to hyper-tonic. a cell would be swollen. Isotonic - same in either solutions universal solvent - water because it dissolves all other polar substances. If blood becomes hypotonic (too much water) - cells will swell in brain, there is not enough room for swelling, so this can be very dangerous.
Kidneys usually put glucose back into blood, however, people with diabetes mellitus - have excess glucose. you can check urine for glucose to confirm if someone has diabetes mellitus When we looked at sheeps blood - isotonic- equilibrium hypertonic - cells smaller less water spaced close together hypotonic - cells swell more water spaced far apart when we looked at dyes drops, green diffused more because - the particles must have been smaller