Moreover the european prison rules prescribe that

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Moreover, the European Prison Rules prescribe that “special provision shall be made for the sanitary needs of women” (19.7), but, in practice, women’s sanitary needs are not always remembered or respected. Furthermore, as for nutrition, although in particular cases medically authorized diets are commonly allowed (in accordance with the article 22.6 of the European Priso n Rules: “The medical practitioner or a qualified nurse shall order a change in diet for a particular prisoner when it is needed on medical HEALTH
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European Prison Observatory Prison in Europe: overview and trends 19 grounds”), there are widespread complaints about the insufficiency and poor quality of food and the article 22.1 (“P risoners shall be provided with a nutritious diet that takes into account their age, health, physical condition, religion, culture and the nature of their work”) is not always respected. The number of deaths and suicides in the adult prisons is one of the serious issues related to health. To give a general picture of the phenomena: in France, in 2012 we record 71 natural death and 123 suicides; in Greece, we record 40 deaths throughout 2012: 10 within prisons, 18 in public hospitals, 3 on leave, and 9 in Korydallos Prison Hospital; the attempted suicides throughout 2012 are 61 (the number of committed suicides, probably included in the number of attempted ones, is not available); in Italy the total number of deaths inside penal institutions in 2012 is 153 (according to the Ministry of Justice) and 154 (according to the Ngo Ristretti Orizzonti); the total number of suicides is 56 (according to the Ministry of Justice) and 60 (according to the Ngo Ristretti Orizzonti). In both cases, indeed, the Ministry of Justice considers only people died inside the prisons, while the Ngo considers also prisoners, who died outside; in Latvia, the total number of deaths in 2012 is 32 (including 2 death cases outside the prison - one in a civil hospital and one in a police facility where the person was transferred for investigation reasons). The total number of suicides is 7; in Poland in 2012 there were 107 deaths (28 in the treatment facilities outside the penitentiary units, 89 for natural causes, and 18 as a result of self - harm). The data include prisoners who have died in prisons, prison hospitals and during medical transport. There were 18 deaths caused by self - harm and 143 suicide attempts. This datum includes prisoners who have died in prisons, hospitals and during the medical transport; in Portugal the total number of deaths in penal institutions in 2012 is 66 and the number of suicides is 16; in Spain, the total number of deaths in penal institutions in 2012 is 164 (44 in Catalonia). The total number of suicides is 23 in Spain and 5 in Catalonia; in the United Kingdom, the total number of deaths in penal institutions in 2012 is 183 in England and Wales, 21 in Scotland and 9 in Northern Ireland (the figures relate to deaths of serving prisoners whether within prison walls or in an outside hospital). The total number of suicides is 58 in England and Wales (suicides within prison walls and in outside hospitals). The
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