The resettlement issues that emerged from the Kaptai Dam project turned into a

The resettlement issues that emerged from the kaptai

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The resettlement issues that emerged from the Kaptai Dam project turned into a serious political crisis in the country. It is widely accepted that it could have been managed in a better way earlier if there was a provision of environmental and social impact assessment at that time. The recent devastat- ing floods of unusual nature are also considered to be linked with various types of poorly planned development activities that ignored environmental consequences. The main environmental initiatives after inde- pendence in 1971 were the enactment of the Water Pollution Control Act, 1973, the Bangladesh Wild- life (Preservation) Act, 1973 and the Environmental Pollution Control Ordinance 1977. The United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development (UNWCED, 1987) and its Brundtland Report, had a strong influence in shaping the devel- opment and environmental activities in Bangladesh (GOB, 1991, page 112). In the late 1980s, the Government started to attach increased importance to environmental issues. Creation of a separate min- istry, the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MOEF), in 1989 and the restructuring and expan- sion of the Department of Environment are major Government initiatives. Downloaded by [27.147.201.66] at 18:34 06 November 2017
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