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Acting and fighting expressed through facial

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Acting and fighting expressed through facial expressions, gestures, mime, choreographed fighting and acrobatics o Each role type—distinctive modes o Qingyi focuses on singing and speech, and great acting skills and hardly fights o Simplicity of stage props—more room for mime and acrobatics Social status of artists: o Professionals during imperial china are admired for skills but are not paid well o Prostitution o Officials condemn opera performances—gambling and other immoral activities o Legal restrictions on mixed troupes o Male-only or female-only—impersonation of opposite gender o Famous opera singers of China-men-playing female roles because of the ban Performance and contexts and competition o Touring troupes compete for employment at urban theaters, teahouses, aristocratic residencies, village fairs, and temples o Contexts: birthdays, funerals, agricultural rites, religious festivals, and clan anniversaries o Didactic messages, moral values, Confucian virtues, including filial duty, female chastity o Performance of a single story takes several days C20th: rise in recording and broadcasting Appropriation from the west o Instruments, theaters, scenery and props o Professionals employed o Regional styles o Contemporary social themes o Historical settings predominated After 1949, PRC (CCP) Party: more contemporary themes—working classes, rather than the historical heroes Restricted modeled operas—cultural revolution Music—similar over the decades Plots reflected political landscapes 1937-1945 (RP) themes—revolutionary, struggles was against japan Moa Zedong
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o A fan opera, encouraged new operas o People afraid to perform banned dramas o Resumption of older forms after the Cultural Revolution General decline in Chinese opera in C20th Globalization, technology, mass media Some of the arts transferred into new media forms Some people still enjoy it for the diff reasons Solo instrumental traditions Qin and Piano Qin (guqin) Zither o 7 strings o CD2-Track 15 o Vehicle of spiritual reflections (spiritual tool) o Ancient design, more than two thousand years—length of wood— narrower at one end, a baseboard, two sound holes, resonating chamber o Old, well seasoned wood o Wood form old coffin story 7 strings o differ in thickness. Made from silk, pass over a low bridge, 13 inlaid studs-guide to performers o symbolism I parts of the Qin—“dragon” and “phoenix” holes
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