States have incentive to mislead others to lie and

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states have incentive to mislead others to lie and misconduct evidence, can cause information problems a lot easier to assess state’s capabilities than to assess the state’s resolve 3. Have outside enforcement examples: international organizations great powers’ security guarantees note: iteration (repeated interaction helps) 4. divide indivisible goods examples: joint or shared control linkage to other issues willing to exchange that good for money or something else that is worth it to them But what about domestic politics and war? Domestic Politics and War: Before this ,states as unitary actors But what about actors within states?
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individuals or groups within states might have different cost/benefit analyses re:war see some benefit, don’t pay the cost, can lobby well; would go to war Domestic Politics and War Three main categories of domestic actors: 1. leaders 2. bureaucracies and interest groups 3. general public general vs. particularistic (narrow) interests politician who wants to get re-elected, company who are interested in their private profit 10/9 Domestic Politics and War: Why are some groups within a country more influential than others? Think about collective action problems Also, institutions matter rules of the game determine who had access to key decision makers Why might leaders prefer war over a negotiated settlement? personal agenda, ideology wants to stay in power***** rally effect “tendency for people to become more supportive of a country’s government in response to dramatic international events, such as crises or wars” diversionary incentives example: 1982 Falklands war war to satisfy the military or interest groups war frequently imposes cost on society yet specific actors might benefit from conflict and hope to disperse cost to population at large military-industrial complex an alliance between military leaders and the industries that benefit from international conflict, such as arms manufacturers supposedly, members of the military may favor war because: purpose of the military is to wage war war leads to increase of budge
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war creates promotion opportunities for members of the military military is usually the most influential bureaucratic actor regarding war because it has the best information about capabilities and resolve note: in some cases, hav9ing more information might actually make military leaders less inclined toward war in countries where the government depends on the military for its survival, the military has even more influence on foreign policy shouldn’t try to push in bargaining because the other states capabilities too strong or should push hard because the other state is weak; military leaders know when NOT to go to war some interest groups (e.g., ethnic groups, economic groups) may benefit from war interest groups
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