birch, fir, aspen, and larch, growing ina latitude (64 degrees) where the mean temperature of the air fallsbelow the freezing point, and where the earth is so completelyfrozen, that the
carcass of an animal embedded in it is perfectlypreserved. It issituated on a high part of the plain; and hence is a landmarkvisible at a great distance. Ova in sea. Cuming) in thecentral islands of the Pacific. From these facts it would almost appear asif the effluvium of one set of men shut up for some time togetherwas poisonous when inhaled by others; and possibly more so, if themen be of different races. ) It is remarkable that none of themare now found living. Earthquake, accompanied by an elevation of the coast. ) It appears probable that the Indians of Chile formerlyused some such rude agricultural instrument. Excursion to Colonia del Sacramiento--Value of an Estancia-- Cattle, how counted--Singular breed of Oxen--Perforated pebbles--Shepherd-dogs--Horses broken-in, Gauchos riding-- Character of Inhabitants--Rio Plata--Flocks of Butterflies-- Aeronaut Spiders-- Phosphorescence of the Sea--Port Desire-- Guanaco--Port St. The reef-constructing corals have indeed reared andpreserved wonderful memorials of the subterranean oscillations oflevel; we see in each barrier-reef a proof that the land has theresubsided, and in each atoll a monument over an island now lost. We stayed atthis delightful place two days; standing nearly 800 feet above thesea, the air was cool and fresh, and on every side there weredelightful walks. Their numbers have rapidly decreased; they are already banishedfrom that half of the island which lies to the eastward of the neckof land between St. This disposition is common to all the terrestrial species; namely,to the mocking-thrushes, the finches, wrens, tyrant-flycatchers,the dove, and carrion-buzzard. Few smelting-furnaces are now at work inany part of Chile; it is found more profitable, on account of theextreme scarcity of firewood, and from the Chilian method ofreduction being so unskilful, to ship the ore for Swansea. Being quite tired with my days work, Imade up my bed as quickly as I could, and went to sleep. In the Southern Ocean the winter is not soexcessively cold, but the summer is far less hot, for the cloudedsky seldom allows the sun to warm the ocean, itself a bad absorbentof heat: and hence the mean temperature of the year, whichregulates the zone of perpetually congealed under-soil, is low.
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- Fall '16
- Tierra del Fuego