Psychodynamic Theories

To removal of the defenses against those secrets

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To removal of the defenses against those secrets Freud struggled to find a method to dismantle to dissolve defenses rather than lull them: Settled on free association Has been backbone of psychoanalytic procedure ever since TRANSFERANCE AND RESISTANCE Free association is hard to do for a long time because: Defenses block emergence of thoughts too closely linked to the repressed secrets The difficult thoughts and feelings at the center of patient’s difficulties transferred to analyst Who becomes an *object of intense longing, love or hate Patient refuses to speak of embarrassing or trivial thoughts because they often pertain to the therapist Resistance to particular free associations The same force that initially drove memories out of consciousness This resistance and the transference need to be exposed, identified and resolved By analyzing free associations and resistance to them, can see both sides of the conflict The secret feelings and memories The defenses: thoughts and feelings rejecting secrets Main point: you’ve got the drive and the resistances. Compromise between the two. Conscious doesn’t want to express the reality while the unconscious does DREAM WEAVING Disguised fulfillments of conflictual wishes o In sleep, defenses weakened (like trance) If the wish is represented directly, sleep is like to be disrupted A compromise struck between the force that propels the wish into consciousness and the force that block access to consciousness Dreams are the “royal road” to the unconscious Distortion of: Latent content (the true meaning) results in The Manifest Content (the dream as experienced) Latent dream content transformed into acceptable images by: Condensation- less material than latent content Displacement- dream image replaced by remotely related idea Symbols- the means through which condensation and displacement take place Secondary elaboration- images put in story (putting the images from the above processes and turning them into a story)
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DREAM INTERPRETATION By reversing the process of their formation Dreamer associates to the dream elements Different memories, thoughts and feelings that created them (through condensation, etc.) exposed The various lines of association coalesce in the latent dream thoughts By carefully reconstructing the thoughts and wishes that motivated the dream’s formation THE CENTRAL PATTERN OF PSYCHIC PHENOMENA Was Freud’s form of the dream Identical to the structure of the dream: Neurotic symptoms Freudian slips (parapraxes) Motivated errors
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