is that an idea can be denied whereas the latter cannot be rejected. According to Wilshire, Bruce, and William, Hume insists that it is sensible to imagine on a non-existing being without being contradicted, and therefore, the claims of existence are a matter of facts (“Metaphysics.”) Cleanthes and Philo agree on the fact that the denial of the existence of any being should be conceived as a matter of fact. Moreover, Cleanthes and Hume reject the notion of “necessary existence” saying that it has a meaning which is inconsistent and thus cannot be used in a philosophical argument. Hume also attacks the design inference that if the inference on the presence of the causeless being is correct, it doesn’t mean that the being is God. In the inference, God is termed
Surname 5 as a necessary being, a point which Philo rejects that the only necessary thing is the universe. He further thinks that the inference is dubious in its statement because it states infinite regress which thus violates the principle of sufficient reasoning (“Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.”) In conclusion, Hume’s argument attacks the Leibniz argument on priori. The facts put forward maim the successful application of the metaphysical perspective of Leibniz because it is surrounded with much reprove. However, some aspects of metaphysics that put forward undeniable facts are so essential and cannot be denied. The language of Leibniz, specifically, promotes thinking and reasoning to go beyond what we experience and to find the facts about the truth of the matter. These philosophical arguments are an object of knowledge to distinguish indeed what we see from what appears to be.
Surname 6 Works Cited Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy , Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, . Melamed, Yitzhak Y., and Martin Lin. “Principle of Sufficient Reason.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , Stanford University, 7 Sept. 2016, plato.stanford.edu/entries/sufficient- reason/. Morris, William Edward, and Charlotte R. Brown. “David Hume.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , Stanford University, 26 Feb. 2001, plato.stanford.edu/entries/hume/#GodNatAtt. Taliaferro, Charles. “Philosophy of Religion.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , Stanford University, 11 Sept. 2013, plato.stanford.edu/entries/philosophy-religion/. Wilshire, Bruce Withington, and William Henry Walsh. “Metaphysics.” Encyclopædia Britannica , Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 27 July 2018, .
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