FCS 340 Exam 4 Study Guide.docx

They often settle for minimally demanding jobs that

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- They often settle for minimally demanding jobs that offer lower wages and fewer benefits. - Long run they forgo (sacrifice) promotions, seniority advantages, and pay increases. 13. Discretionary income (pg. 381) - Money remaining after the costs of basic necessities such as food, rent, utilities, and transportation have been paid. 14. Advantage of 2 income family (pg. 382) - Raises standard of living - Relieves some of the pressure of the one parent being the provider, particular when he or she is laid off. - Provide responsible adult roles for their children - Their offspring are more independent and less “needy” than they would be if only one parent worked. 15. Gender wage gap (pg. 385-387) - Sometimes called the pay gap , wage gap , or gender wage gap . - The overall income difference between women and men in the workplace. - Over a life time the average woman who works full-time year round over four decades loses a significant amount of money because of the gender pay gap. ($700,00 for high school graduates, $1.2 million for college graduates, and $2 million for women with a professional degree) 16. Glass ceiling (pg. 387) - Attitudinal and organizational workplace obstacles that prevent women from advancing to leadership positions. - Examples:
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Men’s negative attitudes about women in the workplace Women’s placement in staff positions that aren’t on the career track to the top Lack of mentoring, biased and damaging evaluations by make supervisors Little to no access to highly visible committees or task forces. 17. Limitations of Family Medical Leave Act (1993) (pg. 391-392 ) - Leave is unpaid - It only covers major illnesses that usually require hospitalization - In most cases, children have illnesses that last only a few days and most parents can’t afford to take any unpaid leave because of the cost or risk of being laid off. - Employees who work for companies fewer than 50 employees aren’t covered by FMLA, and those who are covered can’t afford to take unpaid leave. - Millions of workers in part-time and temp positions (most of whom are women) are excluded from FMLA policies. 18. Mid-separation phase (pg. 431) - Pressure of maintaining two households and meeting the children’s emotional needs mount and stress intensifies. - Because of such problems, as well as feeling guilty over breaking up the family - Couple may experience a “pseudo reconciliation” and move back in together. - Reunion rarely lasts - Underlying problems that led to separation resurface, conflicts reemerge, and the couple separates again. 19. Late separation phase (pg. 431) - The partners must learn how to be single again, such as doing all the housework and home maintenance. - Some friends may avoid both partners, others may take sides, which forces separated coupled to develop new individual friendships. - Important, partners must deal with helping children deal with anxiety, anger, confusion, and sadness. 20. Emotional divorce (Bohannon) (pg. 431-432) - Occurs before any legal steps. - Beginning phase : spouses feel disillusioned but hope that the marriage will improve - Middle phase: their hurt or anger feelings increase, the unhappier partner begins evaluating the reward and costs of leaving the marriage.
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