Ii savanna forest found in most parts of africa they

This preview shows page 9 - 13 out of 19 pages.

II.Savanna Forest
Found in most parts of Africa. They are made up of trees like acacia, baobab and are characterized by shrubs.III.Mediterranean forestsAre used along the coast of Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. They are also found in South Africa.IV.Mountain ForestsFound on the slopes of mountains and highlands found in Africa.V.Mangrove ForestsThey grow on shallow marine water along the east coast in Africa and adjacent islands. They are found along the coast of Kenya, Tanzania, Western Coast of Mozambique, Madagascar, Nigeria, Liberia and Gabon.FORESTS DISTRIBUTION IN THE WORLDForests cover about one third of the worlds’ land area:A.Commercial forests are restricted to the very large global belts, one in the Northern hemisphere and the second one in the equatorial zones of South and Central America; Central Africa and South East Asia. These forest belts differ in the types of trees they contains and in the type of market or use they serve.B.Softwood forests are the largest and most continuous circling the globe below the Polar Regions. Softwoods forest types such as pine, spruce, and fir are used for construction and to produce pulp for paper, rayon and other cellulose products.C.Temperate hardwood forests containing deciduous species include oak, hickory,mapleand birch. These types of trees are found in the southern globe.
D.Tropical lowland hardwood forest are mainly dominant from the forests of Africa, Asia, Oceania and Latin America.NB-South East Asia countries such as Myanmar and Indonesia now account for much of the world’s hardwood exports.PATTERN OF PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF FORESTSWe all know that trees supply us with some amazing resources, from the material resources like wood which we use create anything from furniture and wooden cabins to printing papers and coffee cup sieves to the health, both mental and physical and environmental resources and benefits provided by forests.PRODUCTION AND HARVESTING OF TIMBERSThere are two basic approaches to harvesting timber. The first, commercial clear cutting focuses primarily on economic gain. In this approach, loggers remove all trees in forested areas usually done to a small diameter such as 6 inches (15 centimeters).The second approach to harvesting timber is basic silviculture-the science of growing and harvesting trees for sustained yield. Silviculturists rely on several methods to harvest timber. Oneimportant method is shelter hood cutting which uses partial cuttings overtime to remove an entireforest, but gradually. In this way desirable tree species naturally regenerate and grow into the new forest. Shelter hood cutting involves a series of two to four harvesting according over a period of 10 to 20 years.Foresters must analyses timberland carefully to determine which methods of silviculture harvesting use. Once these strategic issues are determined, foresters can survey timberlands to
locate and estimate the volume and the grade of standing timber that meet their requirement. Thisprocess is called cruising. Next comes felling on cutting down trees using a chain saw.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture