19 The first experiments in cognitive psychology were based on the idea that

19 the first experiments in cognitive psychology were

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19.The first experiments in cognitive psychology were based on the idea that mental processes canbe… 20.John Watson was an early Behaviorist who believed that psychology should focus on the study of… 21.If kittens are raised in an environment that contains only verticals, you would predict the most of the neurons in their visual cortex would respond best to the visual presentation of a…
22.In the text's use of the Olympic Rings example, which Gestalt law contributes to the correct perception of five interlocking circles?23.he main difference between early and late selection models of attention is that in late selection models, selection of stimuli for final processing doesn't occur until the information is analyzed for… 24.In the Garner Interference paradigm, stimuli differ among two dimensions (e.g., size and brightness, or brightness and saturation). Responses in the ____________ condition are slowerthan the baseline when these dimensions are _____________.25.The Muller-Lyer illusion concerns distortions of length judgments for lines that terminate in a "Y" ( >--< ) vs. an "arrow" ( <--> ). Which is true of this phenomenon?26.In a typical Simon Effect Task, where shapes of different colors are presented on alternate sidesof the screen, _____________ information can not be ignored when preparing a response.27.How do you calculate the Simon Effect?28.B.F. Skinner, the modern champion of behaviorism, proposed that language is learned through…29.Broadbent's model is called an early selection model because…30.Imagine you are interpreting a pair of sentences such as "The sidewalk was covered with ice" and "Ramona fell down." The kind of inference we use to link these sentences together would most likely be a(n) _____________ inference.31.In a dichotic listening experiment, ______________ refers to the procedure that is used to force participants to pay attention to a specific message in one ear among competing messages in the other ear.32.In an eye movement study, Rayner and coworkers had participants read sentences that contained either a high- or low- frequency target word. For example, the sentence "Sam wore the horrid coat though his pretty/demuregirlfriend complained." Results showed the participants' ____________ was shorter for the target word _______________.33.Most of the coherence in text is created by… 34.Noam Chomsky proposed that…35.The interactionist approach to parsing states that… 36.The word frequency effect refers to the fact that we respond more… 37.Using the laws of perceptual organization, explain why humans are better equipped at dealing with the complexities of object perception than computers.38.Describe analytic introspection. Give an experimental example. Also, describe one limitation to this method.39.Name one perceptual process and one memory process that are important for how we perceive video.40.Treisman's model of attention has been called a "leaky filter" model. Describe her model, and explain why it is "leaky." How does Treisman's model explain the results of Moray's "words in the unattended ear" experiment?

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