To a greater extent than with northern cities cities

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To a greater extent than with Northern cities, cities of the South are characterized by a high degree of urban primacy —which describes a situation in which one metropolitan centre, usually the capital city, is considerably larger and more dominant than any others Cities of the South are often described as victims of overurbanization- meaning, the population of urban areas is growing faster than the urban economy, services, and resources can absorb it This creates an underclass of residents who live in illegal squatter settlements and employ themselves in marginal trade, such as selling food and lottery tickets on street corners Some countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America have exhibited distinctive patterns of peri-urbanization whereby the rural and the urban have become blurred in unplanned settlements on the outskirts of large cities —the motivation for this is mostly economic Some key attributes of poverty can only be found in cities—high rates of inequality and unemployments may lead to increases in crime and other forms of social and political conflict, especially for young men high rates of violence make mobility within the community dangerous especially in neighbourhoods where gand activity is prevalent The Corporate City The corporate city denotes the perception and organization of the city as a vehicle for capital accumulation— that is, as a money-making machine The corporate city comprises five major elements: the corporate suburb, (2) the shopping centre, (3) the suburban industrial park, (4) the downtown office tower, and (5) the high-rise apartment building The Corporate Suburb Don Mills, Canada’s first mass suburb, emphasized a system of short curving roads in the form of circles and crescents
Initially, this layout was probably meant to convey a sense of privileged exclusivity, although over time it also came to reflect a desire to shield children from the perceived danger of through-traffic Don Mills was one of the first residential areas in Canada to be planned completely from scratch and built all at once E.P Taylor changed the rules of urban development (he was the developer) relegating the municipality to a move passive role and introducing corporate success as a major planning consideration With the triumph of Don Mills, the corporate suburb spread rapidly across Canada and the USA Although there were local differences, the first-generation postwar suburbs shared five main characteristics: a peripheral location, relatively low population densities, architectural similarity, a relatively low purchase price for houses, and a fairly high degree of economic and racial homogeneity Suburbanism as a Way of Life For sociological researchers, suburbanism represented an important trend Michelson (1973) found that suburban movers increased their involvement with neighbours, while city relocators increased interactions with friends and relatives Another key feature of the suburban life-style was its emphasis on children and the family

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