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to perish twice, I think that for destruction ice, Is also great, and would suffice.”Points Earned:1.0/1.0Correct Answer(s):C7.Which of the following is part of the modern theory of evolution?A) If the body of an adult living thing is changed by its environment, those changes usually are passed on biologically to children.B) Evolution proceeds in the direction desired by members of a generation.C) Evolution always produces bigger and more-complicated living things from smaller and simpler living things.D) Evolution usually proceeds by birth of “hopeful monsters” involving very large changes from one generation to the next.E) Diversity exists within a species, and “experiments” that tend to promote diversity sometimes occur during reproduction.Feedback: No matter how hard you and your friends wish that your children will be born with the ability to fly unassisted, the kids will have to use airlines like the rest of us. You can get a tattoo without worry that your children will be born with that same tattoo. A hopeful monster would have no one to mate with. And while sometimes bigger or more-complex kids do better, sometimes smaller or simpler ones do better.
But, biological “experimentation” promoting diversity does occur, providing the variability on which natural selection occurs to cause evolution.Points Earned:0.0/1.0Correct Answer(s):E8.You are a famous scientist, renowned for the well-accepted idea you developed over the last 15 years. A new idea suddenly appears from some upstart junior scientist. For the new idea to overthrow your well-accepted idea and gain widespread scientific acceptance, what must happen?A) The new idea must do a better job than your old idea at predicting the outcomeof one experiment that you conducted.B) The new idea must do a better job than your old idea at predicting the outcomeof one experiment that the new upstart junior scientist conducted.C) The new idea must explain the things that your old idea explained, and do a better job than your old idea in predicting the outcomes of many new experiments designed by various people to test the ideas.D) The new idea must be more consistent with the teachings of the world’s religions than is your old idea. E) The new upstart scientist must be sexier than you are.Points Earned:1.0/1.0Correct Answer(s):C9.What is known scientifically about transitional forms in the fossil record?
A) Their occurrence is predicted by special-creation (“Ford-Mustang-type”) “catastrophist” models of the history of life, but not by evolutionary theory.B) They are not observed.C) They provide complete records of every fossil lineage.D) They are found frequently for those general types of living things (such as shelly shallow-marine creatures) that commonly produce fossils, but are not found as frequently for other general types.E) They conclusively provide the genetic linkage between Coke and Pepsi.