11 February 2013- lecture 8

Various caudillos porfirio d í az the porfiriato

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various caudillos Porfirio D í az (The Porfiriato), 1876-1911 Liberalism and Positivism Rapid export-led economic modernization o Opera houses, prisons, etc. o This rapid modernization, however, led to great chasms in wealth  distribution  Railroads, foreign investment in key sectors of the economy (mining,  agriculture, banking, industry) Expropriation of Indian and peasant village lands by haciendas and cient ī ficos Revolution produced by the tremendous disequilibrium brought about by the  great modernization The Fall of the Porfiriato Social classes: Dissident Liberal elites: Francisco Madero (Coahuila) o Anti-reelectionist movement o Generally the wealthy did very well under Diaz, if they were willing to  play ball with him: lend their political support and  o Promotes liberalism, transparency, political democracy  Discontented middle class Disgruntled and militant urban working class o Flores Mag ó n, PLM (Mexican Liberal Party), Anarcho-Syndicalism,  IWW Dispossessed peasants: Zapata, Villa (?) Terrazas-Creel
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o Became extremely wealthy under Diaz o Accumulated well over 7 million acres of land, 50 haciendas, 800,000  heads of cattle, owned the state bank and government, textile mills,  cotton plantations, etc. Carried out the plans and objectives of Diaz in Chihuahua o Had partnerships with North American investors and political figures o Jefes politicos Ran the economy and politics in Chihuahua  o William Randolph Hearst Given big land concessions by the Terrazas-Creel clan o Guggenheim
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  • Spring '12
  • ThomasKlubock
  • Porfirio Díaz, Mexican Liberal Party

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