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»Revolutionary Military Council set up to run country led by Duong van Minh»Inconceivable coup against Diem would have happened w/out US approval
To what extent can it be argued that by the 1960s, Ho Chi Minh’s rule of North Vietnam had been successful?Ho Chi Minh was highly successful in his rule of North Vietnam, despite significant tribulations throughout his role. Despite early difficulties due to the moral failure of the Agricultural Tribunals, Ho found success to return North Vietnam to agricultural self-sufficiency. Economically, the regime fought impending collapse to become the fastest growing economy inSouth East Asia. Furthermore, Ho’s foreign policy ensured the nation received sufficient aid. The nature of Ho Chi Minh’s rule also garnered a wide range of popular support, clearly evidencing his success as a leader. Ultimately, Ho was a success as his rule returned North Vietnam to a position of stability, whereby they were ready to face the problem of a divided nation.Agricultural Tribunals & Cooperativisation Plans–After 8 years of war, there were sig political, social & economic issues–Mekong Delta in South = food bowl of V & now denied–Agricultural Reform Tribunals – supervise redistribution of land but quickly descended into witch hunt purging of feudalists»Truong Chinh wanted to follow Chinese model of rapid land reform »Supervise redistribution of land but quickly turned into witch hunt purging of landlords, wealthy peasants, French collaborationists & anyone not sufficiently enthusiastic about new regime (Feudalists)»Agricultural output did increase w/ 2 mil + acres of land redistributed between 2.2 mil families by 1956»Self-sufficiency in rice reached by 1957»Over 100 000 died during campaign of purging»Rising political opposition shown in Intellectuals’ Revolts 1956-57»Nov 1956 French-style methods used to put down peasants revolts in Ho’s home province of Nghe An – over 6000 killed or deported–Cooperativisation Plans – more moderate program»Villagers share out labour & responsibilities»By 1960, 85% of the North’s peasants were participating in the Cooperativisation program»James Harpur – Difficulties with the Agricultural Tribunals, but ultimately finding the right reform methods “put North Vietnam in a strong positionto confront the problem of a divided country”Economics and industry–Systematic nationalisation of all prev French-owned companies, major coal & textile concerns & other large businesses – banks & public utilities also nationalised–Following Soviet Model, 3 Year economic plan put in place in 1958–1958-60 transport capacity doubled & increase in skilled training & literacy rates
–By 1960, national income had grown, becoming country w/ highest economic growth rate of any Asian country–Allowed communist party to strengthen & reinforce control over N & economic consolidation put North in strong position to confront problem of a divided nation Foreign policy–Sig economic aid received from USSR & China–Foreign aid to DRV – 60% ($325 mil) from China & 30% ($100 mil) from USSR–