Examples case involving whistleblowing that happened in Indonesia is Agus Condro in Bank Indonesia senior deputy elections and yohanes wowuruntu in case of system administration law bodies (Semendawai, et al., 2011). Research on whistleblowing has been done using gender variables, religiosity and positive mood. Gender as variable is reused because there are inconsistencies in previous research. Regarding the variable religiosity, the measurements used by the researcher are Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith (SCSORF) this can be said to be unique, because it adopts the si developed by (Plante & Boccaccini, 1997). This measurement has not been used for research in Indonesia, and the reasons behind the Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith (SCSORF) do not contain any reference to a particular religious orientation, and are suitable for it class of people from all affiliates or groups to religion. Related variables Positive Mood This variable has not been used in Indonesia so it becomes unique to use. Researchers using this positive mood as a derivative refers to the study of Zhang et al, (2009) using a positive mood as moderation. The importance of whistleblowing action, especially to expose cheating, motivates me to do research related to this whistleblowing
RJOAS, 1(73), January 2018 118 intention. Here is my basic reason for researching this topic and the reasons for using variables. Prosocial Behavior Theory. Brief & Motowidlo (1986) describes prosocial behavioral theories as members' behavior in organizations to address individuals, groups, or organizations in which they interact and adhere to organizational rules and are conducted with the intention of improving the well-being of individuals, groups, or organizations. Dozier & Miceli, (1986) whistleblowing is a form of prosocial behavior related to selfish and altruistic behavior. In other words, whistleblowing action is not entirely an altruistic act because it is also aimed at achieving personal gain. Prosocial behavior is a theory that supports the occurrence of whistleblowing. Whistleblowing is one of 13 forms of prosocial behavior (Brief & Motowidlo, 1986). In line with Dozier & Miceli (1985), whistleblowing behavior can be provided benefits to the organization or others while also benefiting the whistleblower itself so that whistleblowing can be regarded as prosocial behavior. Prosocial behavior can be used to describe individual ethical decision-making associated with intent to conduct whistleblowing. Miceli et al, (1991) suggests tendency that more high from man for do whistleblowing. Lacayo & Ripley, (2003); Street, (1995) shows more men tend to do whistleblowing rather than woman. Dworkin & Baucus, (1998); Sims & Keenan, (1998) found that women are less likely than men to engage in whistleblowing because men tend to occupy high position and status than women in the orgaization. Status characteristics theory argue that those with higher status have more opportunities to contribute to group tasks, receive more positive evaluations and exert greater influence (Carli & Eagly, 1999).
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