Answers : a. The research purpose b. The research problem c. The research question Response Feedback: Research topics are concepts, phenomena of interest, or broad problem areas that researchers can focus on to enhance evidence- based nursing. A research problem is an area of concern where there is a gap in the knowledge base needed for nursing practice. Research topics contain numerous potential research problems, and each problem provides the basis for developing many research purposes. p 47 Question 15 The right an individual has to be told that he is a potential participant in a research study and may decide not to be so best defines which of the following human rights? Answers: a. Self-determination b.
Privacy c. Justice d. Beneficence Response Feedback: The right to self-determination holds that because humans are capable of self-determination, or controlling their own destiny, they should be treated as autonomous agents who have the freedom to conduct their lives as they choose without external controls. Privacy is an individual’s right to determine the time, extent, and general circumstances under which personal information will be shared with or withheld from others. Justice holds that each person should be treated fairly and should receive what he or she is due or owed. The right to protection from discomfort and harm is based on the ethical principle of beneficence, which holds that one should do good and, above all, do no harm. p. 162 Question 16 What is the relationship between a conceptual definition and an operational definition? Answers: a. The conceptual definition is concrete, and the operational definition is abstract. b.
The operational definition allows the researcher to create a measurable variable from a concept. c. They are the same, in most instances. Response Feedback: Operationalizing a variable or a concept involves developing conceptual and operational definitions. A conceptual definition provides the theoretical meaning of a concept or variable. The conceptual definition provides a basis for formulating an operational definition. An operational definition is derived from a set of procedures and progressive acts that a researcher performs either to manipulate an independent variable or to measure the existence or degree of existence of the dependent variable. p.109 Question 17 A researcher conducts a study to determine the effectiveness of a special program of sensitivity training for nurse managers upon several outcomes, all related to the staff’s ability to identify and intervene appropriately when medication errors occur. This is an example of what type of quantitative research? Answers : a. Descriptive research b. Basic research c. Qualitative research
d. Applied research Response Feedback: Applied, or practical, research is a scientific investigation conducted to generate knowledge that will directly influence or improve clinical practice. The purpose of applied research is to solve problems, to make decisions, or to predict or control outcomes. Basic, or pure, research is a scientific investigation that involves the “pursuit of knowledge for knowledge’s sake,” or for the pleasure of learning and finding truth. The purpose of basic research is to generate and refine
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher