Moral universalism some types of behavior are always

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Moral Universalism: some types of behavior are always right or wrong (Pope Benedict) Moral Relativism: a decision may be right even if it is not in keeping with one's own ethics standards (Pope Francis) Cultural Relativism: what is right or wrong depends on the norms and practices in each societies Individual Relativism: people must develop their own ethics rules Danger: it can justify just about anything It is ethically lazy to default to moral relativism as an excuse for condoning any behavior 2
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BLAW 2301 - POLZE BUSINESS AND PUBLIC LAW Chapter 2: Ethics Ethics Case: up in smoke Ethics Traps Why do we make unethical decisions? Because we are very food at allowing our brain to trick us into believing wrong is rights. Money Powerful bc most people believe they would be happier if they had more Not really true, but money is a good safety net, and can contribute to happiness in smaller ways What is the amount of money that would fundamentally change your life? Competition Deep down, we all want to be better Being involved in a market reduced the players sense of morality (at least with mice) Rationalization More creative people tend to be less ethical They are better at rationalizing their behavior The Fudge Factor: almost everyone is willing to cheat, at least on a small scale We all want to think of ourselves as honest, but we would also like to benefit from dishonesty Doing it for someone else Slippery Slope We Cannot be Objective About Ourselves We evaluate others more harshly In making a decision that affects you, it is important to remember that you are unlikely to be objective Moral Licensing After doing something ethical, many people then have a tendency to act unethically Conflicts of Interest Small gift are surprisingly influential (EX Doctors)
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