1852 it broke out in england and killed many v he

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1852, it broke out in England and killed manyv.He thought it was absurd and wanted to make Paris the most beautiful city in the worldvi.It also put people to work and pumped the economyvii.He needed someone to spear head this and he chose Haussmannviii.Haussmann took surveys of disease and found that most towns in the northeast were swamped with diseasea.Couldn’t clean it so everything was knocked down and built back upix.Needed to keep disease from coming backa.Need pure water and get rid of waste water
1.Plans were made to bring fresh water through pipes and aqueducts from fresh springs from the north of France2.Paris became the first city in the world where you could drink the tap water and expect it to be purex.There was no electricity but there were gas lights (turned Paris into day at night)a.Called city of lightsxi.Streets were broadened and paved with solid pavementa.There is now mobility, and chances for moving around increasedxii.On the ends of Paris, large forest regions were planteda.This was to provide oxygen and suck in carbon dioxidexiii.Smaller parks were placed throughout Parisxiv.The Louvre was built a.Coming out of here is a famous garden called the Tuilleries Gardenb.Down some steps was the famous square called Place de la Concorde (one of the most famous squares in the world)1.In the center was an Egyptian obelisk, which was a gift to Louis Philippec.From this square was the famous street called the Champs Elyséesd.Keeps going till you get to the Arc de Triumphee.Looking from the museum the obelisk perfectly bisected the Arc de Triomphexv.Not very much of Paris has changed since the renewalxvi.It took over a decade to do it (most was done in mid 1880s)xvii.There were operasxviii.Napoleon III gave money and support to the artsxix.Most famous artist was J. Offenbacha.He wrote extraordinary musicxx. Theatrea.Greatest actress of the 19thcentury was Sara Bernhardt1.She played male and female rolesxxi. Paintinga.E. Manet, E. Degas, C. Monet were impressionists1.Napoleon III gave Manet his startxxii.He didn’t like most writers b/c they raised questions that were hard to answera.The most famous was G. Flaubert
1.He wrote Madame Bovaryi.Promoted equality for womenb.E. Zola wrote Germinal (about coal miners)1.He wrote “real” storiesi.He investigated for his writingsc.C. Baudelaire1.Wrote about drugsd.V. Hugo1.Wrote Les Miserables2.Least favorite of Napoleon III3.Went into exile when Napoleon III became emperorxxiii.Napoleon III didn’t care what you wrote or believed unless it criticized himJ.He suffered from kidney and blatter stonesi.No way to get rid of it except for surgery that had a 50/50 chance of dying of infectionii.Took drugs and got dependent on themiii.Caused him to make horrible decisionsK. He was taken captive by the Prussians in Sudan and exiled to Britain in 1873L.He was operated on in Great Britain and he died on the operating tablei.Removed a stone from him the size of a golf ball

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