ETHICS-1-Module-5-study-guide-Aug-2018 Asian Ethical Frameworks and Religious Conceptions.pdf

4 sammakamanto right action the ultimate moral

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4. Sammakamanto (Right action) – The ultimate moral command in Buddhism is “to do no harm”. Actions must instead be infused with compassion. As the world is a world of suffering, the least we can do is not to worsen or be the cause of others’ suffering. 5. Samma-Ajivo (Right livelihood) – Buddhism enjoins us to refrain from pursuing a livelihood that could harm lives. It is important that our livelihood is geared instead towards the preservation and improvement of life. 6. Sammavayamo (Right effort) – Buddhism recognizes that what makes liberation from suffering so difficult is the fact that the world of Maya or the life of Samsara is filled with attractive and desirable things that satisfy the senses. In the midst of this therefore, the right effort to pursue liberation from the magnetic power of the sensory world is required. Page of 9 31
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ETHICS 1 - Ethics and Moral Reasoning in Everyday Life This must be anchored in the proper understanding that only by withdrawing from the pleasures of the senses can one be freed from suffering. 7. Sammasati (Right mindfulness) – One can only fully follow the eight-fold path if one also has a sense of mindfulness or awareness of one’s deeds, thoughts, words, and the way one lives as a whole. It is through this that one can keep oneself in check against indulging in the five hindrances of (a) sensual desire; (b) ill-will; (c) laziness; (d) anxiety; and (e) doubt about our state of mind. 8. Sammasamadhi (Right concentration) – In the path towards spiritual liberation, one must have the right concentration in pursuing only this path so as not to waver from it. One must always practice meditation so one may concentrate on that which is important and true above all. The first two paths — right view and right intention — are focused on arriving at the wisdom needed to direct one’s life. The succeeding three — right speech, right action, and right livelihood — are concerned with cultivating virtue . They constitute the ethical way of life. They are the expressions of one’s wisdom. The last three paths — right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration — are geared towards meditation , the goal of which is to find one’s inner peace in order for one’s mind to be free from distractions that will cause it to misunderstand the truths of life and pursue the wrong things. In the eight-fold path, the aim is to achieve wisdom, virtue, and peace. ————————————————————————————————————— Activity 4 Reflect on the following Buddhist passages and interpret their meaning in relation to the challenges that you confront as a student. “All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts.” ( Pali Canon Texts ) “He who does not rouse himself when it is time to rise, who, though young and strong, is full of sloth, whose will and thought are weak, that laze and idle man will never find the way to enlightenment.” ( Pali Canon Texts )
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  • Spring '10
  • Johnson
  • Buddhism, Chinese philosophy, Dao De Jing, Bhagavad Gita Ch

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