There are 5 features that make emerging adulthood

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There are 5 features that make emerging adulthood distinctive o (1) Age of identity explorations – people explore various possibilities in love and work Develop a more definite identity and understanding of who they are and what their beliefs are Erik Erikson – first to develop idea of identity which is mainly an issue in adolescence o (2) Age of instability lives often unstable as you explore different possibilities in love and work Some people move out of their parents’ household for first times when going to college Residential change includes moving back in w/ your parents at least once for half of adults o (3) Self-focused age – most Americans move out around 18-19 but do not marry until late 20s Emerging adults establish a more independent lifestyle than they had as adolescents Time btwn adolescents’ reliance on parents & adults’ long-term commitments in love and work Focus on yourself to develop knowledge, skills, and self-understanding for adult life o (4) Age of feeling in-between majority of emerging adults are ambiguous when asked if they are adults
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Clear majority of people feel like adults when they reach late 20s and early 30s Many have subjective feeling of being in a transitional period of life – adulthood but not yet o (5) Age of possibilities many different futures possible, little about a person’s life has been decided Age of high hopes and great expectation – dreams are tested in real life Distinction made btwn developing countries & economically developed countries part of OECD o OECD countries – members of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Developments Consist of developed countries and world’s wealthiest countries o Developed countries – economically advanced countries of the world, where most wealth is concentrated o Developing countries – less economically advances countries, majority of world’s population Europe is where emerging adulthood is longest & most leisurely – location of most affluent & egalitarian societies o Tertiary education – education or training beyond secondary school, takes place in college or university Governments pay and assist young people in finding jobs in Europe o Emerging adults in European societies make the most of their advantages – enjoy travel & leisure o Long history of individualism – exalts freedom, independence, and individual choice as high values Focus on self-development and leisure during emerging adulthood Asian emerging adults enjoy benefits of living in affluent societies w/ generous welfare systems like Europe o Shared history of collectivism – emphasizes duties and obligations that each person has toward others Pursue identity explorations and self-development during emerging adulthood w/ obligations o Sense of family obligation may curtail identity explorations in emerging adulthood Premarital sex is normative by late teens in the West – cohabitation also normative
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  • Spring '08
  • YOUNG
  • Psychology, prefrontal cortex

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