localities that are associated with geographical indications it also

Localities that are associated with geographical

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localities that are associated with geographical indications; it also establishes a Geographical Indications Committee, whose function is to determine such indications. The Act stipulates that wine originates where the grapes are grown, not where the winery is located. It also sets up a Register of Protected Names, administered by the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation, to register details of Australian geographical indications as well as other countries’ indications as recognised by agreements. Traditional names and other  expressions  accepted  in  the  Agreement  can  also  be  registered.   Provision  is  further  made  for geographical indications and traditional expressions from non-agreement countries to be entered.  39
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COM/AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL Canada History and Legal basis Canada has a number of laws providing protection for geographical indications, generally.  These include the Canadian   Trade-marks Act , the Common Law tort of passing off, the Qu é bec Civil Code, and the Competition Act Enhanced protection is provided to wines and spirits. These provisions enable a responsible authority to request that a geographical indication be placed on a protected list. Examples of geographical indications in Canada for wines and spirits include  Okanagan Valley, Niagara Peninsula, Pelee Island, Bernkasteler Kurf ü rstlay   and Scotch Whiskey.   International agreements Canada is a party to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and is a member of the TRIPS Agreement.  Trade-Marks Act  The  Trade-marks Act  prohibits making use, in association with wares or services, of any description that is false in a material respect and likely to mislead the public as to the geographical origin of the wares or services.  The  Trade-marks Act ,  where requirements of the Act are met, also allows those having rights in geographical indications   to apply for protection as a registered trademark and offers the possibility of obtaining a certification mark.   Examples of certification marks include Grana Padano, an Italian cheese; Frieburger, a Swiss cheese; and Florida for Floridian oranges and related products.  The Common Law Tort of Passing Off The plaintiff must prove that his or her goods or services have acquired a reputation or goodwill, that the defendant is trading on that reputation or goodwill, and that damages are being or may be suffered as a result. The award in such cases is monetary compensation and/or an injunction. This remedy is available in the common law provinces and territories.  In the province of Qu é bec there is similar protection provided
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