ISS_225_Lec_12_Crime__Violence__and_Powe

2 gregg v georgia 1976 in this case the court ruled

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2. Gregg v. Georgia (1976) In this case the Court ruled that the death penalty is an expression of society's outrage at particularly offensive conduct and is an extreme action, suitable to the most extreme of crimes. Capital punishment was upheld. 3. McCleskey v. Kemp (1987) The Court went a step further and ruled that imposition of the death penalty, even when it appeared to discriminate against African Americans, did not violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. 4. Atkins v. Virginia (2002) The Court barred the execution of “mentally retarded criminals.” 5. Roper v. Simmons (2005) The Court barred the execution of 16 and 17 year olds. 6. Kennedy v. Louisiana (2008) The Court barred the use of execution for child rape convictions where death did not occur. III. Issues A. Crime and Race 6
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ISS 225 Crime Many have argued that there is a relationship between race and crime, raising such questions as: Do Blacks commit more crimes? Are Blacks more frequent victims? Are Blacks targeted more by police (racial profiling)? For some statistics on race and crime see: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/homicide/race.cfm and http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=922 . A recent study of several American cities shows that the violent crime “race gap” is narrowing. For a summary of this study and statistics on crime and race see: http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/sociss/release.cfm? ArticleID=2095 One theory for the greater crime rate among African Americans is due to the war on drugs. Traditionally, sentencing guidelines punish crack-cocaine offenders much more harshly than those caught with the powdered variety. Crack is used more in the inner cities, while powdered cocaine is more prevalent in the suburbs and wealthier communities. Congress has recently reduced this discrepancy. http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/2010/jul/28/congress_acts_reduce_crackpowder B. Drug Problem The major cause for crime in the United States continues to be drug abuse. The prevalence of drug use and arrests for drug charges is prevalent in the United States. For further statistics on drug use see http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda.htm and http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugpages/stats.html . There are two basic strategies for dealing with the drug problem; attacking the supply and attacking the demand. Source: http://www.briancbennett.com/charts/nsduh/ever-used-2-number.htm 7
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ISS 225 Crime 1. Attacking the supply This focuses efforts on catching drug smugglers, punishing them, confiscating the drugs. An unintended consequence of this tactic may be to raise the price of available drugs which might drive addicts to commit more crime in order to afford the higher prices. Drugs are not governed under the same rules of supply and demand as other products are. You can't price drugs out of existence. Problems: manpower, firepower, equipment.
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