and provide another central theme of the authors writing, mothers. Along with friendship, Kingsolver also characterizes almost every female as a single mother. Taylor, her mother, Lou Ann, and Sandi are all the characters that have children, and all of them are raising their child on their own. This characterization of the women appeals to readers because it shows that they are strong, capable women. Kingsolver idealizes the single mother, thereby characterizing the father as irresponsible and astray. In a way, Kingsolver is stating her opinion and displaying women as the more important figure.