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Myths after Lincoln, 334-35. Donald’s biography of Herndonalso has an excellent discussion of Ward Hill Lamon’s Life of Abraham Lincoln(1872), which drew from Herndon’s materials. For further discussions ofthe Ann Rutledge myth, see Basler, Lincoln Legend, 147-63; and J. G. Randall,Lincoln the President: From Bull Run to Gettysburg(paperback ed., New York,1945), 321-42. Quotations “cause a squirm” and “Atheist! Atheist!” are fromLewis, Myths after Lincoln, 336, 303; the quotation “composite Americanideal” from Donald, Lincoln Reconsidered, 163.For the background and historical context of Carl Sandburg’s AbrahamLincoln: The Prairie Years, see Herbert Mitgang (ed.), The Letters of CarlSandburg(New York, 1968), 225-37; Alfred Harcourt, “Forty Years of191
Friendship,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, XLV (Winter, 1952),395-97; North Callahan, Carl Sandburg: Lincoln of Our Literature(New York,1970), 23, 75-95; and Alfred Haworth Jones, Roosevelt’s Image Brokers: Poets,Playwrights, and the Use of the Lincoln Symbol(Port Washington, N.Y., 1974),7-37. I also benefited from Robert W. Johannsen’s unpublished paper “ThePoet as Biographer: Carl Sandburg’s Prairie Years,” read at a symposiumon Carl Sandburg as a Lincoln biographer, Jan. 21, 1978, at Knox Collegein Galesburg, Ill. The quotation “Like him” is from Callahan, Sandburg,101; the quotation “both poets withall” from Sherman, “Carl Sandburg’sLincoln,” New York Herald Tribune Books, Feb. 7, 1926.The best accounts of Whitman and Lincoln are in Justin Kaplan, WaltWhitman: A Life(New York, 1980), 28-30, 258-61, 271-72, 300-1, 308-9, andKaplan’s unpublished paper “After Whitman,” which was also read at theKnox College symposium and which is excellent on the connection betweenWhitman and Sandburg. The quotation “only distinguished epic poet” isfrom Kaplan’s paper. For more on Whitman’s Lincoln, see Basler, LincolnLegend, 267-71, and Daniel Aaron, The Unwritten War: American Writers andthe Civil War(New York, 1973), 69-72.As for Sandburg’s own comments about his work, the quotation “InLincoln” is from Sandburg, Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years(2 vols., NewYork, 1926), 1: viii; the quotation “take Lincoln away from the religiousbigots” from Wayne Gard, “Carl Sandburg Interprets Young Lincoln,” TheLiterary Digest International Book Review, IV (Feb., 1926), 189; the quotation“felt as if in a trance” from Mitgang, Letters of Carl Sandburg, 255-56; thequotations “All-American” and “democracy can choose a man” fromSandburg, Abraham Lincoln: The War Years(4 vols., New York, 1939), 2: 332-33.For the critical reaction to Sandburg’s Lincoln, see Johannsen, “The Poetas Biographer”; and Jones, Roosevelt’s Image Brokers, 51-62. The Benét quo-tation is from the Atlantic Monthly(Dec., 1939), 22; the Hill quotation fromthe Kansas City Star, Dec. 2, 1939; the Commager quotation from the YaleReview, XXIX (Winter, 1940), 374; the Sherwood quotation from the NewYork Times Book Review, Dec. 3, 1939. Another favorable appraisal is Ben-jamin P. Thomas, Portrait for Posterity(New Brunswick, N. J., 1947), 285-310.