cause growers and their business allies generally accepted the sampeon image as their restrictionist adversaries, they could not contenthat Mexicans possessed the character from which this country coufashion acceptable citizens. Instead, employers tried to manipulathe stereotype in such a way as to demonstrate that Mexicans woulnot have a detrimental impact on American society. They arguethat the Mexican's inborn traits made him a lesser racial menacethan any other unskilled labor group. Because Mexicans were herently tractable, growers asserted, they minded their own buness, willingly separated themselves from whites, and caused fsocial problems. "They are a very docile people," said CongressmJohn Nance Garner of Texas, the future Vice President. "They be imposed on; the sheriff can go out and make them do anythingThat is the way they are."74 C. S. Brown, an Arizona cotton farme71 House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, Hearings on WestHemisphere Immigration, 231-232; and Hearings on Immigration from Countriof the Western Hemisphere, 276.72 Senate Committee on Immigration, Hearings on Restriction of Western Hemsphere Immigration, 26-30.73 House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, Hearings on WestHemisphere Immigration, 228; Senate Committee on Immigration, Hearings on striction of Western Hemisphere Immigration, 45, 60; C. C. Teague, "A Statemeon Mexican Immigration," Saturday Evening Post, CC (March 10, 1928), 170.74 House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, Hearings on SeasonalThis content downloaded from 188.8.131.52 on Sat, 17 Sep 2016 19:20:52 UTCAll use subject to
Perceptions of the Mexican Immigrantrepresenting his state's Farm Bureau, testified that southwesterngrowers were naturally endowed with skill in the handling of Mexi-cans. Just as southerners were particularly adept at controllingblacks, so "we of the Southwest . . . know the Mexican; we knowhow to please him and how to get him to please us."75To further bolster their position, employers contended that inthe event Congress curtailed Mexican immigration, they would becompelled to turn to far more undesirable groups-blacks, PuertoRicans, or Filipinos-to meet the Southwest's unskilled laborneeds.76 "The American negro we all know," said Ralph Taylor, agrower spokesman. "Are we Americans, with a full knowledge ofthe very serious racial problems which he has brought to the Southand other parts of America, willing deliberately to spread him overthe rest of the country in ever increasing numbers?"77 The PuertoRican represented a racial menace even more insidious than theNegro, according to George Clements, director of the Los AngelesChamber of Commerce's agricultural department. "While they allhave negro blood within their veins, the greater part of them arewithout those physical markings which can only protect society.