Lincoln said every state had to have 10% of eligible voters in the state to swear loyalty, the state itself had to accept emancipation then the state could apply for official representation The states have to formally accept emancipation BUT lincoln doesn't require the states to extend political and social rights to freed slaves ● Lincoln’s hoping to end the war peacefully so there were baby steps ● Lincoln was scared to lose Northern support ● After Lincoln's assassination, Congress changes stuff Black Codes : South's opposition to 13th amendment ● Ex; Africans couldn't own guns
Emancipation Proclamation doesn't nationally free slaves so the 13th amendment(1865) was made. Civil Rights Act(1866) ● Created to mellow black codes ● Extended citizenship rights to africans ● Made it illegal to deprive any person those rights based on color, race, prior to condition of slavery, or involuntary servitude ● Property/contract rights and equal protection under law ● Doesn't provide ALL political/social rights ● Johnson vetoed civil rights act -argues the civil rights act gave congress too much power -Johnson's veto was overridden leading to the 14th amendment ● 14th amendment grants citizenship to africans BUT doesn't provide certain protection Radical Reconstruction ● Congress refuse to recognize any state under Johnson ● Military Reconstruction Act(1867) ○ Puts former confederacy under military rule ○ Former confederate states have to ratify 13th and 14th amendment and extend voting rights to africans ○ President after Johnson is Ulysses S. Grant ○ 15th Amendment (1870)
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- Spring '08