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Incomparable totalitarian school considers nazi ism

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incomparable? Totalitarian school considers Nazi-ism to be another totalitarianideology for which there’s comparison to the Soviet systemHamburg: have shied away from teaching a model of the Soviet system, focused insteadon Soviet experience and perceptions from inside the Soviet Union (We,Journey Into theWhirlwind,etc.) – haven’t been pushing the Totalitarian model
oHowever, you get to the 1930’s and you find yourself asking big questions –there’s something new about what happened in the PurgesoThat fact, which is hard enough to get one’s mind around, opens up discussion ofwhether the system’s unprecedentedoHopes we’ll take a piece of a text like Ginzburg’s memoirs in our papers and useit to think about this period and bigger questions on totalitarianismIndicate the source via footnotes or bibliography or whatnotDiscussing our papers in class – deliver to Kravis 209 before class10/11The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union: Short CourseoImportant book b/c it was composed from 1935 through late 1938oIt was a book supervised by Stalin, important to the history of the Great PurgesIn 1935 Stalin appointed three historians/ideologists to compose a reliablehistory of the Communist Party as a guide to the Soviet peopleBit odd that the party leader, at a time when so much was going on, wasactively guiding this book and contributing to the draftsoStalin was removing enemies from the narrative and introducing a set ofprinciples for how to consider Soviet HistoryThe purges were almost preparatory for thisThe Short Course was a canonic guide required in many institutions ofhigher educationA bone to pick w/ Orlando Figes – he goes astray in attributing the coming of WWII as acontributing factor to the Purges. Hamburg thinks that there were too many other factorsat play explaining the PurgesSoviet foreign policyoDebates about the signing of the treaty with the Germans at BrestoFaced w/ decision, Soviet foreign policy makers were less faithful to ideologythan to realpolitik and short-term preferencesLenin understood that w/out treaty w/ the Germans, the Soviet experimentwouldn’t have survivedoIn the 20’s, the USSR’s problem was international isolationWestern countries saw the USSR as a dangerous revolutionary powerArgument at Versailles that the US and USSR each cast different anti-colonialist shadows over post-War EuropeUS Wilsonian favor for self-determination threatened EuropeancolonialismLenin was a committed anti-colonialistEuropeans saw WWII as caused by the Germans, meaning thatrestraining Germany was imperative to preventing future war,hence the shitty terms of Germany’s surrenderThe way out of isolation for Russia was to affect cooperation b/w thesimilarly isolated German empire and the SovietsThe Weimar Republic wanted to escape reproachment, wanted torevive Soviet engagementThe Soviets permitted German military engagements on Soviet soil

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
Communism, Vladimir Lenin, o Stalin

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