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First woman president – she just got impeached – thrown out of office physically– august 31, 2016Charges on manipulating budget to hide problems – tons of corruptionCURRENT michel temer – 2016 to presentSlightly to the right of rousseffPushing brazil to the cenerUnder multiple investigations for massive corruptionPanama has had a conservative guy in chargeParaguay – conservativeColumbia – juan manuel cantos 2010 Center rightArgentina – for a decade or two were left leaningShould be super rich – but flounderingDecember 2015 had a presidential vote. Kicked left outMauricio macri – just center right
HEADS OF STATE: MIDDLE EASTTURKEY – bridge between Europe and Middle EastPivot towards the eastWarming ties with Russia and IsraelIn the past, president was against Israel. Adamant against Syrian head of stateActive military alliance with united states to fight SyriaISRAEL Benjamin Netanyahu -Prime MinisterRight wing – hawkish leader : does not mind confrontationActive military - huge us allyUS is one of the biggest supporters of Israel – Neighbors are not a fanCountries are historic allies despie leaders are not fans of fans of each otherPrime minister does not want to aknowledge PalestineNuclear agreement deal with iran – us warming relations with iran, an enemy of IsraelUnited states approves 38bn military aidSYRIABashar al-Assad – President of SyriaRightwing dictatorTook over Syria from dad – kind of a monarchyRefused to concede powerAssad is arab and religiously shia (as well as their shia)Iran is a strong allyTurkey – ethnically Turkish and sunni islam, Israel is jewish while assad is ethnically arab and shi’a
Everything except turkey and iranARABIAKing salman = 2015 to presentMonarchy – hugely rich oil state controls OPECControls holiest site of islamTop ten most powerful man in planet earthHuge ally of united statesDoes not see eye-to-eye to united states – ally of iran , pull out of me affairs, EGYPTLargest arab population – 80-85 million EgyptiansEpicenter of arab spring – protest arab situation/ overthrew dictatorNot doing well economically3 decades of dictatorship – one party stateAfter arab spring, elected democratic government but was then kicked out by military coup and replacedby another dictatorPRESIDENT: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi2014- presentUsed to be a general in the armyAll leaders so far mentioned are on right sideDictator in SyriaNorth Africa – mostly arabJORDANKing Abdullah II
1999-presentMonarchyA little more liberal (but still on right side)PALESTINEMahmoud AbbasPresident 2005 – present10-20 years trying to make Palestine a sovereign stateWork with Israel to have 2-stateArab League – talk about arab situationsWest Sahara, Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq,, Djibouti, Somalia, SyraLeaders are ethnically arab and predominately sunni islamMuammar GaddaiLeader of Libya (dictator) 1969 -2011Thrown out of powerSaddam HusseinPresident of Iraq1979 – 2003Osama bin LadenLeader of Al-Qaeda1988 – 2011Arab – ethnicityEgyptian is not a separate ethnic group anymore All Arab leaders hate Assad (Syria)He’s a ShiaAllies based on religionAssad and government are Alawites – sub branch of shia