These correlational 2 findings do not prove that lack

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and a 23 percent increase in substance abuse. These correlational 2 findings do not prove that lack of sleep is causing these problems. Certainly the reverse can be true: depression and anxiety can cause insomnia. 3 “But the majority of the research evidence supports the causal direction being lack of sleep leading to problems rather than the other way around,” says study co-author Adam Winsler, a psychology professor at George Mason University. Sleep deficits 4 reduce brain function, further disturbing areas in which even well-rested adolescents struggle: executive function 5 , self-control and judgment. “Parents, educators, and therapists need to pay attention to the role of sleep in preventing mental illness among youth,” Winsler says. “Its effect is likely larger than most therapies and medications.” Reproduced with permission. Copyright © 2015 Scientific American, a division of Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. Text-Dependent Questions Directions: For the following questions, choose the best answer or respond in complete sentences. 1 1.characterized by slight distinction or variation 2 2.a relationship or connection between two things based on a pattern of change 3 3.inability to sleep 4 4. Deficit (noun): a lack or shortage; deficiency 5 5.the set of mental skills that helps you plan, focus, remember instructions, and perform multiple tasks 1
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1. PART A: Which statement best expresses the central idea of the text? A. Researchers recommend that teenagers get between five and nine hours of sleep a night to protect them from deteriorating mental health.
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  • Fall '19
  • National Institutes of Health, Winsler, Tori Rodriguez

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