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This is an indication of HHS working in the best interest of the target population. The biggest possible unintended impact of HIPPA is the advancement in technology which enables an unauthorized person to access people’s personal information. One of the majorconcerns with any technology is the cyberattacks. “Electronic health records are 100 times more valuable than stolen credit cards,” said James Scott, co-founder and senior fellow at the Institute for Critical Infrastructure Technology (ICIT) in Washington D.C. (Akpan, 2016). In February 2015, Anthem was involved in one of the largest healthcare breaches ever in which more than 113 million medical records were compromised and 78.8 million customers were hacked (Akpan, 2016). Any type of breach like that put an organization in a bad position. HIPPA is a key economic factor for an entity. As far as population factor goes, if there is a breach of security in an organization it can put everyone in the organization in jeopardy. Everyone’s health information is at risk. There are so many things that can go wrong such as one can lose his or her identity. Someone can lose everything including house, car, even job of information gets in wrong hands. Policy RecommendationsEfficacyAs the technology advances, so is the healthcare. Technology continues evolve within the healthcare system. With an advancement in technology, healthcare went from analog patient records to digital patient records. “The use of electronic medical records (EHR) is now in full effect since 2014, for major healthcare organizations such as hospitals across the U.S” (Rivera,
11POLICY ANALYSIS AND TESTIMONY 2016). The use of EHR make patient’s records portable and can be readily available for any authorized organization. The introduction of The Health Information Technology for Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act) in February 17, 2009, encouraged the healthcare industry topromote the adoptionand meaningful use of health information technology and it was enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. “Subtitle D of the HITECH Act addresses the privacy and security concerns associated with the electronic transmission of health information, in part, through several provisions that strengthen the civil and criminal enforcement of the HIPAA rules” (HHS.gov, 2017).This benefits patients tremendously. Patients have the right to examine and obtain a copyof their own medical records as well as request any necessary corrections (if needed). It also gives them the right to find out how exactly their health information may be used. The healthcare organizations are required to obtain patient’s consent to disclose/share their health information. It limits the releases of information to as minimum as possible. The HIPPA act basically empowers inpatients to control certain uses and disclosures of their health information (HHS.gov, 2002).