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Table 2501 livestock population in india in millions

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Table 25.01: Livestock Population in India (in millions)1951196119721977198219912001Cattle155.24175.56178.87180.00192.50203.50219.64Buffaloes43.4051.2057.9491.9669.8082.7094.13Sheep38.9640.2239.9940.9148.8049.7058.20Goats447.0060.0867.5275.6295.30114.2017.50Source:Data from 1951 to 1961 from the National Commission on Agriculture and therest from the Twelfth All-India Livestock Census. In this unit, the table is, withdue acknowledgement, taken from Agrawal 1985: 3); for 1991, 2001 FAO cf.Degradation of land owing to overgrazing generates desert-like conditions.This causes a chain reaction because of lack of grazing lands reduces animalproductivity, which in turn proves to be economically disastrous for humanbeings who practice animal husbandry. This is the process through whichpastoral nomadic groups are forced to become landless labourers. The culpritis ‘overgrazing’ which is caused by the fact of too manyanimals and too littlegrass.As the grazing lands have decreased in area, the planners, policy makers andimplementers in the government have taken little action to save the qualityand extent of even the existing grazing lands. Many irrigation schemes launchedinto croplands without paying attention to the rehabilitation of graziers. Lastly,we can also say that extreme pressure on grazing lands was built up because of
Land: Access, Controland Management9no organised and sustained programme of producing and managing fodder inIndia.Check Your Progress 1i)How much of India’s land is covered by the great Indo-Gangetic Plains?............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ii)Identify the name of the one-sixth of India’s total land area, comprising ablock of mountains, hills and plateaux. It is intersected by valleys whichare covered by forests.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iii)From the point of view of land use, in how many parts can you divide theland mass of India?............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv)What is the difference between a steppe and a savanna?............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................25.3.2Wastelands and their Effect on Rural PopulationAn area of uncultivated or devastated land is generally called wasteland. It isthe land affected by salinity, alkalinity and wind and water erosion. An estimatedarea of one third of India’s land is covered by wastelands. It measures wellover 100 million hectares. This estimate does not include data relating todegradation of forest lands into wastelands.i)Salinity and Alkalinity:Nearly 7.17 million hectares of wastelands areaffected by salinity and alkalinity. This kind of land is generally referredto as barren and unculturable waste.
Ecology and Resources10ii)Wind Erosion:The total area eroded by wind comes to 12.93 millionhectares. Because of lack of properly worked out data, this figure doesnot include the estimated one to two million hectares of coastal land,affected by sand dunes. Shifting sand dunes, coastal sand dunes andextreme moisture stress cause wearing away of land by wind. Elevenwestern districts of Rajasthan and three districts of Gujarat and Haryanaare affected by wind erosion.

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