Domesticated dogs turkeys honey bees ducks People argue that Aztec arent truly

Domesticated dogs turkeys honey bees ducks people

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Domesticated dogs, turkeys, honey bees, ducks -People argue that Aztec arent truly an empire, no army, it is an INVISIBLE EMPIRE - indirect rule (so less evidence of it), doing it thru local leaders, they dont really care if the local leaders adopt the aztec style ie, style, language, ceremonies, only care about tribute TWO types of provincial administration: 1. Tributary provinces ( 2. Strategic provinces (using these provinces strategically for non converted provinces), will fight and defend the border.
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Trade + Tribute: - Pocheta > Traders/merchants (schools and apprentices to become a merchant, controlled, traded on behalf of state and regionally) trade expeditions.would trade herbs, dyes, fabrics, corals, shells, salt, cocoa beans, paper, bark paper,ELITE GOODS - Also diplomats, spies, info gatherers, 2 - Tlameme > porters (came with Pocheta to hold their items… Writing and Calendrics: - Pictures and hieroglyphic writing - 260 day ritual calender (why this number? Grow corn in 260 days, 9 months is growing a baby) and 365 day calender. The 52 year calender round… celebrate with new fire ceremony (all fires put out, new fire would start at the temple, and that fire would be passed to everyone to start their fires. ANTHRO WEEK 4, Class 2 - Inka empire: direct, territorial empire, Aztec empire: hegemonic or indirect empire, did it even really exist?
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ANTHRO WEEK CLASS 1 The peopling of the Americas - The big questions: WHEN? WHERE? WHO? Dr. Joe Watkins: WHEN: big debate of the timing of people coming into New World - Early > before 15,000 BP (13,000 BC) - Late > after 15,000 BP (13,000 BC) - Australia > 40,000 BP and had to use boats BP: radiocarbon dates before present When did people first get here? - Earliest confirmed/accepted sites: Monte Verde in Chile + Paisley Cave in Oregon - Oldest Clovis sites in Aubrey, Texas and El Fin del Mundo, Sonora, Mexico - Clovis and Monte Verde compared: - If we take generally accepted radiocarbon dates, expressed as CALIBRATED DATES BP, we see: - Monte Verde: 14,500 - 13,500 cal BP . 12,550 - 11,550 cal BC - Clovis: 13,400 - 12,900 cal BP . 11,450 - 10,950 cal BC Criteria: 1. Clearly made human artifacts 2. Clear archaeological + geological context (IN SITE). So we know they havent been moved by animals or water etc 3. Set of reliable + concordant dates 4. Paleo - environmental (cant 5. Peer reviewed 6. Human remains (cant argue with) What is Clovis: site discovered in 1930s in new mexico, town closest is called Clovis, site is called : Blackwater Draw Locality 1 Earliest stone tool tradition and widespread culture in the americas The clovis: flute, basal (big game hunting) Recent pre clovis sites: - Paisley cave site, Oregon: 14,300 cal. BP, 12,350 Cal BC - Dennis Jenkins, has found fish, camels and horses that are extinct. Has 190 carbondates. Fossilised poop (coprolites). Found western stemmed projectile points. SOUTH of ice sheets. Strong evidence and dating
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- Manis, Sequim, Washington: 13,860-13,763 cal BP, 11,910 cal BC - Bone from a Mastodon. Believe hunting was involved because of the bone and angle of sphereing of animal - Buttermilk Creek Complex, Texas: 13,200 to 15,000 years ago (BP) OSL dates ** Optically Stimulated Luminescence - Debra L. Friedkin, lots of artifacts on site (stone, few completed tools on site) implied not a hunting site, but a lot of processing like scraping hides.
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  • Fall '19
  • Aztec, Radiocarbon dating, Mexico City, Models of migration to the New World, Clovis culture

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