Reflection technique can ask people what is going on

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reflection technique (can ask people what is going on in their mind but they can only answer what they have conscious access to...) - ex. when we are speaking we are not aware of how our mind puts our sentences together so if you ask someone “how do you put words together when you speak” you would have difficulty answering Max Ringelman - 1880 - 1913 - collective performance associated with poorer individual performance; if you know people are working with you, you don’t work as hard - if you believe you are the only person pulling at tug of war, you would tug harder if you thought you were the only person tugging versus if you knew there were 10 others there; why? - maybe there is a sense of diffusion of responsibility when you know other people are doing the same task with you - its not my fault if we loose the race but if I am the only person then I am totally accountable for my performance - our next task would be to test this theory .... The Fathers of Social Psychology - all wrote text books - William MacDougall (1908) - Edward Ross (1908) - Floyd Allport (1924) Major Influences - Hitler; took a country that was on the brink of bankruptcy and turned into a world power and then decided to annihilate a section of the population and so many people agreed with him that it was a great idea. How can you get a huge group of people to want to exterminated a group of people. How did one human being influence others to do these horrible things. At the beginning people thought he was just Waco and this situation was abnormal and it would never happen again in the real world. Then Social psychologists showed that under the right conditions human beings will conform. Social psychologists are interested in what happens in the mind of individuals during these situations - Sherif (1936) - conformity - Lewin (1935) - influence Jan 6th, 2011; 215
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- Milgrim (1960) - authority Partial Hierarchy of Disciplines - Social Psychology is at the individual level and groups so under “Sociology” but not focused on matter and therefore not Physics, etc ***What is Social Psychology*** - the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in regard to other people, and how individual thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are affected by other people Three Domains of Social Psychology (i) Social Thinking - how you think about yourself ; how did you come to know that - is it something that is moulded by environment or is our identity just expressed in behavior or do we learn about ourselves from behavior - decide we are outgoing and then be outgoing? or notice that we do outgoing behavior? - we all have a sense of identity with different adjectives to describe us but how did it come about? - perception of self AND perception of others - first impressions often result in a trait representation of the whole person just based on one behavioral instance; this will result in an attitude towards the person. Trait characterization and judgment : just based on one moment; this is how our mind tries to
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