In the wild these birds store food for retrieval

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In the wild, these birds store food for retrieval later during periods of food (20) scarcity. Clayton’s experiment required jays to remember the type, location, and freshness of stored food based on a unique learning event. Crickets were stored in one location and peanuts in another. Jays (25) prefer crickets, but crickets degrade more quickly. Clayton’s birds switched their preference from crickets to peanuts once the food had been stored for a certain length of time, showing that they retain (30) information about the what, the where, and the when. Such experiments cannot, however, reveal whether the birds were reexperiencing the past when retrieving the information. Clayton acknowledged this by using the term “episodic-like” memory. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q4: The primary purpose of the passage is to 2
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A. explain how the findings of a particular experiment have been interpreted and offer an alternative interpretation B. describe a particular experiment and point out one of its limitations C. present similarities between human memory and animal memory D. point out a flaw in the argument that a certain capacity is uniquely human E. account for the unexpected behavior of animal subjects in a particular experiment Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q5: According to the passage, Clayton’s experiment depended on the fact that scrub jays -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q6: The passage suggests that Clayton’s experiment demonstrated scrub jays’ ability to -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q7: It can be inferred from the passage that both Tulving and Clayton would agree with which of the following statements? 3
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------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q8 to Q10: Acting on the recommen- dation of a British government committee investigating the Line high incidence in white lead (5) factories of illness among employees, most of whom
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