These “transit exchange” agreements generally do not require an exchange of payments enable the global reach of the internet ISPs pay telecommunications/cable carriers for: Customer/business end user physical access Leased data trunking to interconnect IP routers Page 28
TDC-463 Key Internet Organizations Key Standards organizations: International Telecom Union (ITU), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Names and Address Assignments that provide administration Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Service providers ISPs (Internet Service Providers), Telcom service providers Examples: Content providers millions of businesses, universities, individuals, governments Examples: Government regulatory agencies US government agency that “protects the public interest” is the Federal Communication Commission (FCC). Ongoing net neutrality rulings Page 29 Internet Admin and control is decentralized, distributed, with chaotic growth
TDC-463 Net Neutrality What is it? Net neutrality is the principle that the ISPs should treat all data on the Internet equally, not discriminating or charging differentially by user, content, site, application, etc Proponents and Opponents Opponents (generally service providers and equipment suppliers) argue that service providers should have the ability to provide tiered services (e.g. ability to offer faster data services). The added revenue could be used to reinvest in increasing broadband access to more consumers Proponents (generally content providers) argue that net neutrality puts everyone on equal terms, which helps drive innovation. They claim it is the way the internet has always operated, where the quality of websites and services determined whether they succeeded or failed, rather than deals with ISPs The recent US Ruling: In Feb 2015, the US FCC ruled in favor of net neutrality by reclassifying broadband access as a telecommunications service and known as Title II of the Communications Act of 1934. Page 30 What say you?
TDC-463 Standards Guidelines to manufacturers, vendors, service providers, government agencies to ensure interconnectivity Standards Organizations International Standards Organization (ISO) International Telecom Union- Telecom Standards (ITU-T) Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Electronic Industries Association (EIA) Page 31
TDC-463 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Forum of Working Groups Identifies operational problems and proposes solutions Develops and reviews specifications intended as Internet standards known as Request For Comment (RFC) List of RFCs at Areas Applications protocols Internet Protocols User Services Security Page 32
TDC-463 Class Topics – Week 1 Course Introduction Network traffic growth and market trends The Internet Architecture, ownership, governing organizations Protocol Stacks OSI Stack
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