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Started in 1987 •Need for perform a minimum of 6 minutes Invisible Skratch Piklz •The crew thats known for “sounding like a band”, credited with “orchestrating” their compositions •Formed in 1989 •Core Members: 1.DJ Qbert 2. Mix Master Mike 3. DJ Apollo •Kid Koala = big on the DJ scene in Montreal DJ Spooky •Born:Paul D. Miller - Known as the “Subliminal Kid” •Created a style of scratching called “illbient” (cross between ill and ambient) •The Cut Chemist •DJ Ztrip
Session 13: MovieIntroduction:•The filmmaker places special emphasis on the fact that throughout his life he has been a fan of hip-hop music•He criticizes hip-hop for the pictures it paints of what it means to be a man. Saying that “men need to take a hard look at themselves”•Hip-hop presents a very rigid and narrow version of manhood - one that suggests to be a “real” man you must be strong, tough, and you must have a lot of women and money, you must always be in control, and you must always dominate women and men•If you do not life up to these ideals, you will be ridiculed for not being man enough. You will be called, “soft, weak, pussy and faggot”•This need to confirm to the narrow definition of manhood in hip-hop is a trap for men boxing themselves into a restricted, unhealthy style of manhood and masculinity•Many male hip-hop artists feel compelled to project an image of themselves as things, even if it doesn’t reflect who they really are or who they want to be•It took a long time for Hurt to arrive at these conclusions about hip-hop. When he was a HS and college football star he used hip-hop to pump himself up before the games, he partied to the music and never thought to question the lyrics •His life changed when he became an anti-male violence educator. At the workshops he led, people asked about misogyny in hip-hop and Hurt always defended hip-hop•The more he learned, the more he started to ask questions about the music he loved. Gradually, he became more concerned about the way men and women were represented in hip-hop lyrics and music videos •Realized that although he still loves the music, he could not defend what he had come to believe were harmful portrayals of men and women. Which is why he made the filmEverybody Wants to be Heard:•Attended Spring Bling in Florida and talked to aspiring rappers. He found that all of their raps revolve around guns, killing, being tough and invulnerable, feminizing other men and terrorizing other men•Violent Masculinity is a longstanding and central part of American culture and identity •Michael Eric Dyson points to the early years of America, the expansion of the frontier, and the manner in which guns were equated with manhood and the ability to protect and care for ones family•Guns in American culture are a symbol of masculinity•Men of colour employ guns and gunplay as outlets for their rage•Ability to use words skillfully and aggressively is central to being masque in the hip-hop world, as is the