2 Anything that is recorded is able to be explored using content analysis ii

2 anything that is recorded is able to be explored

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2. Anything that is recorded is able to be explored using content analysis ii. Topics appropriate for content analysis 1. The study of communication
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2.Well-Suited to address the questions: Who says what, to whom, why, how and with what effect? 3. Examples of research questions: a. Are italian novels more concerned with gender than american novels? b. Are political candidates who frequently discuss terrorism more likely to be elected? iii. Sampling in content analysis 1. Units of analysis 2. Sampling techniques iv. Strengths: Relatively low cost, can correct errors as you go, can study processes over an extended period of time, unobtrusive. v. Weakness: Limited to what is recorded, construct validity challenges c. Comparative and historical research i. Definition: Comparative or historical research examines societies (or other units) over time and in comparison with one another 1. Often examines and attempts to explain large-scale processes of social change ii. Examples of comparative and historical research 1.Why did some nations develop capitalist economies in the 1800’s while others did not? 2.What explains the emergence of different types of welfare states? 1. Types of historical data a. Archival i. Museum collections, documents from orgs, government deliberations b. Secondary sources i. US Census data from the 1800’s c. Recollections i. Oral histories iv. Analytic techniques 1. General Approach a. Develop a theoretical argument about why a particular social change may have occurred b. Select a set of cases that maximises variation on your independent variable
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c. Collect comparative and historical data on those units of analysis and begin to examine the connections between your explanation and divergent outcomes v. Strengths 1. Provides insights into broad process of social change 2. Enables understanding of real world developments and phenomena 3. Enables a construction and testing of social theory vi. Weakness 1. Can be incredibly time consuming and require traveling to archives and other sources in multiple countries 2. There are challenges of causality 3. Often dealing with a small number of cases d. Ethics and unobtrusive measures 5. Chapter 12 a. Introduction b. Topics appropriate for evaluation research i. Needs assessment studies ii. Cost-benefit studies iii. Monitoring iv. Program evaluation v. Outcome assessment c. Formulating the problem: Issues of measurement i. Specifying outcomes ii. Measuring experimental concepts iii. Specifying interventions iv. Specifying the population v. New versus existing measures vi. Operationalizing success/failure d. Types of evaluation research design i. Experimental designs ii. Quasi-experimental designs 1. Quasi-Experiments: 2. Time-Series Designs 3. Nonequivalent control groups
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4. Multiple time-series designs iii. Qualitative evaluations e. The social context i. Logistics problems ii. Use of research results f. Social indicators research i. The death penalty and deterrence ii. Computer simulation g. Ethics and evaluation research 6. Chapter 13 a. Introduction b. Linking theory and analysis i. Discovering patterns 1. Cross case analysis 2.
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  • Spring '14
  • Qualitative Research, researcher, a. introduction

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