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◦Link: accommodations [definition]▪An adaptation or change to educational environments and practices designed to help students overcome the challenges presented by their disabilities and to allow them to access the same instructional opportunities as students without disabilities. An accommodation does change the expectations for learning or reduce the requirements of the task.◦Link: modifications [definition]▪Any of a number of services or supports that allow a student to access the general education curriculum but in a way that fundamentally alters the content or curricular expectations in question.◦Link: refreshable braille display [definition]▪An output device that is connected to a computer, often in front of or under the keyboard. It consists of pins arranged in the shape of braille cells that rise and descend to form braille characters.◦Link: digital text [definition]▪Text presented in a format in which the content is separate from the manner in which it is presented. Students have multiple options for displaying the text font (e.g., size, color) or can access the content as speech or text.•Link: JimShrinershedsmorelightonsupplementaryaidsandservices,andprogrammodificationsNotes
or supports for school personnel [IRIS Interview]•Audio: Tamara McLean discusses how collaborative planning time for teachers is implemented in herschool•Determining Appropriate Services and Supports◦Statement Elements/Guiding Questions/Considerations [table]▪Link: evidence-based practices [definition]▪Drop-down menu: Shannon Carter’s annual goals [example]▪Link: fidelity [definition]▪Drop-down menu: placement in more restrictive settings [example]▪Link: Least Restrictive Environment [IRIS Information Brief]•Special factors outlined by IDEA [bullet points]◦Link:positivebehavioralinterventionsandsupports(PBIS)[definition]▪A three-tiered framework (i.e., primary, secondary, tertiary) that provides a continuum of supports and services designed to promote appropriate behaviors and to prevent and address challenging behaviors•Endrew Implications for Determining Special Education Services◦Link:behavioralinterventionplan(BIP)[definition]•A set of strategies designed to address the function of a student’s behavior as a means through which to alter it; requires a functional behavioral assessment and an associated plan that describes individually determined procedures for both prevention and intervention.◦Key considerations [numbered list]◦Legislation and Litigation [box]◦Services To Address Behavior◦Litigation has clarified that FAPE is denied when... [bullet points]◦Services Based on Peer-Reviewed Research◦Common terms you may encounter when searching for an EBP [table]◦Audio: Bryan Cook explains valid reasons for why some practices may not be evidence-based◦Audio: Bryan Cook discusses the differences between evidence-based practices and promising practices and how to prioritize their use•Tip•IEP Toolbox [box with links]Notes
❖Page 9: Monitoring & Reporting Student Progress•IDEA requires that every IEP contain a component in which IEP teams document... [bullet points]•Substantive Requirement Guideline [box]•Developing a Progress Monitoring Plan◦Guiding Questions/Tips [table]◦Link: formative assessments [definition]▪A system of providing continual feedback about students’ preconceptions and performances to both learners and instructors; an ongoing evaluation of student learning.