NEXUS INDICATORS Are youth suited to the local demand Beyond the profiles of

Nexus indicators are youth suited to the local demand

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NEXUS INDICATORS Are youth suited to the local demand? Beyond the profiles of Somali youth and the profiles of their prospective employers, three nexus indicators or compatibility indices reveal trends in youth employability at the particular business to understand supply-demand mismatch affecting youth in Somaliland and Puntland. A. PROFILE SIMILARITY INDEX: inclusion in the labour market – Comparing youth profiles to the profiles of current employees of businesses surveyed Comparing the migration histories of current employees to youths, we find that internal migrants and non-migrants bear a high degree of similarity to current employees: internal migration is not a discriminant in hiring choices of employers. However, youths with any experience abroad bear little resemblance to the current workforce. This might reflect a preference among employers for non-returnees. This trend is constant across all four cities, though internal migrants suffer a slightly wider similarity gap in Burao and Garowe than in Hargeysa and Bossasso. B. REQUIREMENT INDEX: Marketability and skills match Education vs. skills requirement: Overall, youth met employers’ educational requirements most often in Bossasso, due to a combination of low requirement standards and a high incidence of the college educated there. 1 Hargeysa also did well on the education nexus, with high levels of youth education meeting high requirement. In Hargeysa and Garowe, the administrative capitals, returnees had a marked advantage in meeting educational requirements over locals and internal migrants, suggesting that they acquired an 1 There may be some selection bias here, as i understand some of the interviews were performed on college campuses. The profile similarity nexus compares characteristics of present employees as reported by their employers to the characteristics of youths themselves. The profile considered three aspects of employee/youth profiles: gender, youth and experience abroad. The requirement nexus measures how well youth meet the requirements expected by employers of new hires. This aspect considered three general sets of requirements: level of formal education, competence in a number of particular skills and working knowledge of relevant languages. The perceptions nexus compares the importance of characteristics of new hires to employers to youths’ perception of the importance of these elements along 15 attributes of a potential job application. This allowed to measure the degree to which employers and youths valued different attributes. A composite perceptions score was then computed using a weighted average of the scores for each attribute.
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4 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration education abroad that is now in considerable demand at home. 2 In Hargeysa and Burao, internal migrants met education requirements more often than locals, while in Garowe and Bossasso locals tended to do a little better than internal migrants, suggesting perhaps that Puntland’s educational infrastructure was, in recent years, more
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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