o UNHCR mentioned a success story in Kismayo of the livelihood program in the

O unhcr mentioned a success story in kismayo of the

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o UNHCR mentioned a success story in Kismayo of the livelihood program in the fishers (part of the return/reintegration program) ! Consultative process include all community members, agreed on having: Men taking care of fish production Women taking care of selling the fish Effective use of gender roles! 5. IDPs: Stigma to be addressed? In Bossasso (Puntland), large IDP camps turn into migrant camps, due to their vulnerability in “transit”. Vulnerability increases, and they are led to taking on less and less desirable jobs o Stigma of IDPs ! Confirmed by IOM ! % of IDPs from minority clans? ! Social exclusion UNHCR based on Samuel Hall’s study on local integration of IDPs in Somaliland and Puntland is looking beyond land and shelter to integrate IDPs o Need to change the approach as discussed in the SH study o Looking at other factors of local integration o Eg in Galkayo now working on peaceful coexistence, creating market to integrate IDPs, to remove these divisions Profiling o Need profiling of IDPs Forced evictions Gatekeepers o Especially where IDPs are privately owned ! They take cut of livelihood support o Solution? Investing in IDP businesses to protect them from gatekeepers ! Investing in businesses will be better as more protected from these risks than in kind or other donations/aid ! Helping communities grow resilience by linking business and growth o Puntland is a more conducive environment ! Better relations with government (as mentioned by UNHCR)
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79 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration A NNEX III K EY DEFINITIONS Term and Concept Definition and Standard Source Migrant At the international level, no universally accepted definition for "migrant" exists. The United Nations defines migrant as an individual who has resided in a foreign country for more than one year irrespective of the causes, voluntary or involuntary, and the means, regular or irregular, used to migrate. Under such a definition, those travelling for shorter periods as tourists and businesspersons would not be considered migrants. However, common usage includes certain kinds of shorter-term migrants, such as seasonal farm-workers who travel for short periods to work planting or harvesting farm products. IOM, Key Migration Terms s/iom/home/about- migration/key- migration-terms-1.html Refugee A person who meets the eligibility criteria under the applicable refugee definition, as provided for in international or regional refugee instruments, under UNHCR’s mandate, and/or in national legislation. A person who, "owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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